Shoulder dislocation is a very common injury among athletes, caused by forced postures for the shoulder joint. A complete treatment of the injury is important so that the patient can recover the full mobility of the joint, as well as avoid a chronic injury that may affect their quality of life, says the physiotherapist in Janakpuri.
WHAT IS A SHOULDER DISLOCATION?
Shoulder dislocation is understood as that injury in which the head of the humerus comes out of the cavity of the scapula called glenoid, causing pain and instability in the patient’s joint. It is a common injury in sports practice, and as a result of dislocation a tear can occur in the nerves and tendons of the area.
Depending on the characteristics and symptoms presented by the patient’s injury, different types of shoulder dislocation can be differentiated. First of all, dub-coracoid dislocation, is the most common. In this case, the head of the humerus moves below the scapula. It is usually caused by a fall on the elbow when the arm is in extension.
Secondly, sub-glenoid dislocation, in which the head of the humerus does not exceed the humerus. It is usually caused by falls or trauma when the arm is in an internal rotation position. Finally, sub-clavicular shoulder dislocation could be differentiated, in this case, the head of the humerus moves over the ribs. It is usually caused by trauma or falls on the arm, explains the orthopaedic in Delhi.
Causes of shoulder dislocation
As explained above by the orthopaedic in Delhi, the most common causes of shoulder dislocation are related to falls or trauma. Therefore, they are common during sports practice, as well as in sports that involve contact.
In addition, shoulder dislocations can be caused by sudden movements that suppose a forced position for the joint. In these cases, the tearing of muscles and tendons is common.
Symptoms of shoulder dislocation
The symptoms of shoulder dislocation can vary depending on the causes and the patient’s injury. However, the most common symptomatology is based on acute pain in the joint that, in some cases, appears accompanied by inflammation and stiffness. In addition, the patient usually experiences immobility.
In cases where the shoulder dislocation causes damage to the nerves or nerve endings in the area, it is common for the patient to experience nudity, as well as a tingling sensation in the area.
DIAGNOSIS OF SHOULDER DISLOCATION
Once the patient goes to the specialist traumatologist manifesting symptoms of shoulder dislocation, a physical examination of the area will be carried out first by the orthopaedic doctor in Delhi. It will study the points at which the patient experiences the greatest degree of pain, as well as the degree of mobility of the patient’s joint.
In some cases, it will be necessary to subject the patient to diagnostic tests that allow to expand the information available. The most common is usually to perform an X-ray or, in the cases mentioned above, in which it is suspected that there may be nerve involvement, a CT scan will be performed.
Treatments for shoulder dislocation
Once the patient has been diagnosed with a shoulder dislocation, an appropriate treatment should be prescribed to help relieve the pain. First of all, it is advisable to cease sports activity, as well as, minimize the activity of the shoulder joint. In this first phase, an anti-inflammatory treatment is usually prescribed, which relieves pain in the area.
Once the inflammation of the area has been reduced, the patient may be subjected to reduction manoeuvres, carried out by a professional physiotherapist in Dwarka. The objective of these is the relocation of the joint. If these manoeuvres do not provide the expected result, the patient may undergo surgery, says the orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi.
Physiotherapy treatment for shoulder dislocation
Once the first phase of rest is finished, one of the treatments that provides the best results for the treatment of shoulder dislocation is physiotherapy in Dwarka. This treatment should always be applied by a specialized physiotherapist in Janakpuri, and is based on the recovery of the mobility of the joint, as well as on the strengthening of the muscles of the area that helps prevent the injury from occurring again.
In the case of patients who are operated on by microsurgery or microdiscectomy to treat shoulder dislocation, a rehabilitative physiotherapy treatment in Dwarka is usually recommended, which helps to recover mobility after surgery.
GUIDELINES TO PREVENT SHOULDER DISLOCATION
In some cases, shoulder dislocation is inevitable, however, there are certain guidelines and recommendations that can significantly reduce the chances of suffering a shoulder dislocation.
First, the strengthening of the muscles of the shoulder area, through scheduled exercises, which protect the joint and reduce the risk of dislocation. In addition, it should be avoided to make sudden movements that involve forced positions for the joint, as well as avoid heavy loads.
In addition, a good technique acquires special importance when performing sports activities.
As explained, physiotherapy in Delhi is one of the most effective treatments for shoulder dislocation. In addition, following certain guidelines can significantly reduce the chances of suffering from this injury.