Kidney Stones

Everything you wanted to know about kidney stone, but had no one to ask

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are formed by substances that aggregate and crystallize inside the kidneys or urinary tract. The concretions are very reminiscent of stones, hence its name, explains the Urologist in Delhi.

What is the difference between kidney stones and renal colic?

When the stones are located inside the kidneys, they do not usually cause pain. Often the patient has kidney stones and has no symptoms at all.

But when the stones move through the flow of urine and reach the ureter, the channel that connects the kidney to the bladder. They cause obstruction of the urine drainage, which accumulates, causing dilation of the ureter and kidney. This dilation is responsible for severe pain, which is known as renal colic.

Renal Colic is an acute, intense pain, which increases and decreases cyclically, starting in the lumbar region and radiating (walking) to the lower abdomen, explains the Best Urologist in Delhi.

What are the symptoms of kidney stones?

Often, the disease is asymptomatic (has no symptoms) so for this reason, it can go unnoticed for a long time.

However, when the stones start to obstruct the drainage of urine, they cause very severe pain, which can be felt in the lower back or lower abdominal region. In addition, these pains are not the only symptoms. There may also be:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Chills
  • Abdominal distension
  • Fever
  • Frequent desire to urinate
  • Blood in the urine

What complications can kidney stones cause?

An untreated renal colic can result in several problems. The main ones are:

  • Intense pains
  • Decrease or even loss of function of the affected kidney
  • Urinary infection
  • Arterial hypertension

How do you know if you have kidney stones?

The diagnosis of kidney stone is confirmed by imaging tests. In the past, X-rays of the abdomen, excretory urography and ultrasound were used. Today, these tests have been replaced by abdominal tomography, says the Urologist in Delhi.

How to prevent kidney stone?

Feeding directly influences the formation of kidney stones.

To prevent kidney stone formation, we must:

  • Drink enough water to urinate 2 to 3 liters a day.
  • Increase the consumption of citrus juices (natural, especially orange and lemon)
  • Perform physical activities regularly
  • Reduce salt consumption (remove the salt shaker from the table, avoid sausages and industrialized spices)
  • Decrease protein intake (white, red meat and fish)
  • Decrease consumption of oxalate-rich foods (coffee, black tea, chocolate)

Can kidney stones be caused by excess vitamin C?

Vitamin C is known to generate many benefits for the body, even being used to prevent colds and flu. However, when taken in excess, vitamin C can lead to the formation of kidney stone.

Vitamin C is metabolized by the liver, leading to the formation of oxalate, which joins calcium in the urine and forms kidney stone.

Is the incidence of kidney stones higher in the summer?

Yes, during the summer the number of kidney stones increases. This is because temperatures are higher at this time of year. Thus, we sweat more, urinate less and the crystals that form the kidney stones come together more easily.

If I drink enough water, can I prevent stones from forming?

Yes, the main way to decrease the risk of kidney stone and to drink 2.5-3L of water per day.

Does consumption of foods with calcium increase the chances of developing kidney stones?

No, this is just a legend.

In fact, 85% of the kidney stones are made up of a calcium compound, but this does not require a reduction in the mineral intake.

But when the patient stops consuming calcium, there is an increase in the absorption of oxalate in the intestine and the patient continues to form kidney stones and may even develop osteoporosis, explains the Best Urologist in Delhi.

Who has had kidney stones again?

Yes. If you already have kidney stone, the chance of forming a new stone is 90% in 10 years.

Who is the doctor who treats kidney stones?

The specialist doctor who treats Kidney Stone is the Urologist in Delhi.

How is kidney stone treatment in Delhi done?

Small Kidney stone, less than 5-6mm, they can be expelled through urine, without surgery. However, this is not always the case. Large kidney stones are hardly eliminated spontaneously and almost always require surgical treatment.

There are different surgeries for Kidney Stone Treatment in Pitampura. The Urologist in Delhi, based on the patient’s history, laboratory tests and kidney stone characteristics provided by imaging tests (size, location and hardness) is the one who must decide which technique is best suited for each case.

Can kidney stone surgery be done at any clinic?

Laser surgery is a procedure that presents few risks, but that must be done at the hospital by a urologist in Pitampura. But the ideal is to look for a Kidney Specialist in Pitampura, who has the knowledge and experience to perform the procedure safely.

So, do not choose the doctor just for the price. Consider the experience of the professionals and the structure offered by the hospital. This will reduce the risk of complication in the procedure, after all, cheap is often expensive, says the Urologist in Delhi.