Urinary tract infection can affect three parts of our body: the urethra, the bladder, and the kidneys. When the problem occurs in the urethra, the infection is called urethritis. In the bladder and kidneys, it is called cystitis and pyelonephritis, respectively, explains the Urologist in Noida.
Usually, the urinary tract infection is caused by bacteria that live peacefully in our intestines. E. Coli is part of the intestinal microbiota and only becomes pathological when it leaves its natural habitat.
According to the Best Urologist in Noida, in women, the chance of an infection settling in the urethra is much greater than in men. This is because the woman’s urethra is short, that is, the path that the bacteria travel to the internal environment is shorter.
The female urethra measures about 5 cm and is completely internal, while the male urethra can measure up to 20 cm and has a large part of its extension outside the body.
In addition, the urethral orifice in women is located in the vagina, which is very close to the anus. The short distance facilitates contamination, especially after incorrect intimate hygiene.
The most common symptoms are pain and burning when urinating, constant urge to go to the bathroom, bad smell in the urine, feeling of heaviness in the bladder and urgency to urinate.
Low back pain and fever will more severe symptoms and is indicative of pyelonephritis – as the kidneys are organs later, says the Urologist in Noida.
Find out what are the main causes of urinary tract infection and change your habits!
- Drink little water
According to the Urologist in Greater Noida, when we drink little water, little urine is formed. The formation of urine depends on the work of filtering blood through the kidney. If the kidney detects that there is little fluid in the body, the rate of water reabsorption is increased.
Thus, the urine is concentrated, and the body maintains acceptable levels of fluids. This mechanism is important for maintaining stable blood pressure.
However, when the flow of urine is small, bacteria have the free path for longer and can reach organs such as the bladder.
This is because the continuous flow of urine clears the walls of the bladder, ureters, and urethra. The ideal is to drink about 2 liters of water during the day, suggests the best urologist in Greater Noida.
- Do an incorrect intimate cleaning
Our gut has a microbiota formed by several bacteria. There, they do not cause disease and are important for the balance of the body.
However, several bacteria come out in the stool and can reach the urethra when intimate hygiene is done incorrectly.
The correct thing is to pass the toilet paper from front to back, thus avoiding the contact of feces with the vagina, suggests the Urologist in Ghaziabad.
- Do not urinate after sex
During sex, the body comes into contact with various bacteria.
Eliminating urine after intercourse helps to eliminate pathogens that clumped in the urinary tract during the act, says the Sexologist in Noida.
- Holding urine in the bladder
Some people have a bad habit of holding pee for a long time. Whether due to lack of time at work or out of habit, this attitude damages the health of your urinary system.
The accumulation of urine inside the bladder favors the growth of bacteria, since the urinary tract is not cleaned regularly.
In addition, as the urine reaches the bladder, it expands to accommodate all the fluid. When urinating, the bladder cannot contract completely and there may be some fluid left inside, which also causes infection.
- Do not change absorbents frequently
During the menstrual period, the body eliminates various residues that can serve as a culture medium for bacteria.
When a woman stays with a dirty pad for a long time, these microorganisms can reproduce there and ascend to the urethra.
The ideal is to change the pad every 4 hours – or whenever you notice a decrease in menstrual flow, suggests the Urologist in Vaishali.
- Wear tight underwear
Underwear stuck to the body increases the temperature of the region, favoring the proliferation of bacteria. In addition, other microorganisms can benefit from the increase in temperature, such as fungi.
To prevent one of the causes of urinary tract infection, the ideal is to wear comfortable underwear and sleep without panties to ventilate the area, advices the urologist in Noida.
If you have recently experienced the above symptoms or have infections repeatedly, seek medical help and schedule an appointment with a urologist in Delhi.