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partial knee replacement

UNICOMPARTMENTAL KNEE PROSTHESIS

During knee replacement surgery in Delhi, the damaged bone and cartilage are covered with metal and plastic components. In a unicompartmental knee replacement (also called a “partial” knee replacement), only part of the knee is covered. This procedure is an alternative to total knee replacement for patients whose disease is limited to just one area of ​​the knee.

Because partial knee replacement is done through a smaller incision, patients generally spend less time in the hospital and return to normal activities sooner than patients undergoing total knee replacement.

ADVANTAGES OF PARTIAL KNEE REPLACEMENT

Several studies show that most patients who are suitable candidates for the procedure have good results with unicompartmental knee replacement in Delhi.
The advantages of partial knee replacement over total knee replacement include:

  • Faster recovery;
  • Less pain after surgery;
  • Less blood loss;

DISADVANTAGES OF PARTIAL KNEE REPLACEMENT

The disadvantages of partial knee replacement compared to total knee replacement include:

  • Slightly less predictable pain relief;
  • Potential need for more surgery. For example, a total knee replacement in Delhi may be necessary in the future if arthritis develops in the parts of the knee that were not replaced;

SURGERY CANDIDATES

If your osteoarthritis has advanced and non-surgical treatment options are no longer relieving your symptoms, orthopaedic in Dwarka may recommend knee replacement surgery in West Delhi. In order to be a candidate for unicompartmental knee replacement, your arthritis must be limited to one compartment of your knee. In addition, if you have any of the following characteristics, you may not be eligible for the procedure:

  • Inflammatory arthritis;
  • Significant knee stiffness;
  • ligament damage;

With proper patient selection, modern unicompartmental knee replacements have demonstrated excellent mid- and long-term results in younger and older patients.

YOUR SURGERY

A partial knee replacement operation typically lasts between 1 and 2 hours.

Partial knee replacement. There are three basic steps in the procedure:

  • Prepare the bone. Your orthopaedic surgeon in Dwarka will use special saws to remove cartilage from the damaged compartment of your knee;
  • Position the metal implants. The removed cartilage and bone are replaced with metallic coatings that recreate the joint’s surface. These metal pieces are typically held in the bone with cement;
  • Insert a spacer. A plastic insert is placed between the two metal components to create a smooth gliding surface;

COMPLICATIONS

As with any surgical procedure, there are risks involved with a partial knee replacement. Your orthopaedic surgeon in West Delhi will discuss each of the risks with you and take specific steps to help prevent potential complications.

Although rare, the most common risks include:

  • Blood clots. Blood clots in the leg veins are a common complication of knee replacement surgery. Blood clots can form in the deep veins of the legs or pelvis after surgery. Blood anticoagulants such as low molecular weight heparin and aspirin can help prevent this problem. Newer medications, such as rivaroxaban (Xarelto), may also be prescribed by your orthopaedic doctor in Dwarka, depending on your needs;
  • Infection. After surgery, an infection may occur in the skin over the wound or deep into the wound. An infection can happen while you are in the hospital or after you go home. You will be given antibiotics before the start of your surgery and these will be continued for about 24 hours afterwards to prevent infection;
  • Nerve or vessel damage. Although it rarely happens, nerves or blood vessels can be injured or stretched during the procedure;
  • continued pain;
  • Risks of anesthesia;
  • Need for additional surgery;

RECOVERY

Hospital discharge. Patients with partial knee replacement generally experience less postoperative pain, less swelling, and have easier rehabilitation than patients undergoing total knee replacement. In most cases, patients go home 1 to 3 days after the operation. Some patients go home on the day of surgery.

Weight support. You will begin putting weight on your knee immediately after surgery. You may need a walker, or crutches for the first few days or weeks until you feel comfortable enough to walk without assistance.

Rehabilitation exercise. A physiotherapist in Dwarka will give you exercises to help maintain your range of motion and restore your strength.

Hip Osteoarthritis

Understand how to treat osteoarthritis and live without pain

Pain located in the hip, which appears mainly during the day or after getting up from a long period of sitting, may be caused by osteoarthritis of the hip, explains the orthopaedic in Delhi.

It is a problem that generates pain and decreases the patient’s movements, directly affecting the routine and the performance of simple activities, such as crossing the legs, getting into the car, tying shoes, standing, walking and performing physical activities, says the orthopaedic in Delhi.

Many people live with this type of pain for a long time and wonder if hip osteoarthritis is curable. In this article you will understand how to treat and control this problem.

Is hip osteoarthritis curable? Understand how it happens

Osteoarthritis in the hip is a problem caused by the loss of cartilage in the joint, which ends up causing the pain generated by the friction of bones where cartilage should be.

This is because the cartilage present between the bones of all joints in the body does not have the ability to hurt. Thus, we can move all our joints, without noticing anything wrong.

The problem begins when a cartilage injury begins that causes the bones to come into contact with each other in the joint. As said, cartilage doesn’t hurt, but bones do. From this initial injury, a path of pain and wear begins, explains the orthopaedic in west Delhi.

In practice, the hip is formed by the junction of two bone structures:

  • Femur Head – It is the round part of the hip joint, formed by the femur bone, which is the thigh bone.
  • Acetabulum – It is the part of the pelvis cavity formed by the bones of the pelvis.

These joints fit perfectly and tightly, allowing for correct and completely pain-free movement of the hip. The problem is when this joint is affected by diseases that cause cartilage loss – as is the case with osteoarthritis., states the orthopaedic in west Delhi.

Know the symptoms of osteoarthritis in the hip

The symptoms of osteoarthritis of the hip tend to evolve over time and tend to start with mild, localized pain in the hip, says the orthopaedic doctor in Delhi.

As wear and tear on cartilage progresses slowly, initial symptoms are usually mild and worsen over time.

The pain tends to worsen with the effort used in simple activities such as standing and physical activities, improving only when the patient is at rest.

Faced with worsening and worsening of symptoms, the joint starts to block movement, preventing the patient from performing activities such as putting on shoes, crossing the legs or cutting nails.

In more advanced stages, there may be pain even at rest, says the orthopaedic doctor in Delhi.

After all, is osteoarthritis in the hip curable?

Osteoarthritis in the hip is a problem that, in and of itself, has no cure.

However, no desperation. There are treatments that can and should be performed in order to reduce pain and improve symptoms caused by cartilage damage.

The first step for anyone who wants to improve from hip pain is to correctly diagnose the cause of the pain. This will help determine the best treatment approach and, of course, the best outcome. The evaluation and trust in qualified professionals can make a patient stagnant in treatment, live again, says the orthopaedic in Dwarka.

Learn about the main ways to treat hip arthrosis:

  1. Medicines

Patients who have severe, sharp pain may benefit from using anti-inflammatory drugs or corticosteroids in order to reduce inflammation quickly.

  1. Changing habits

It is recommended that those who have joint problems develop some habits such as:

  • Avoid consumption of sugar, alcohol and saturated fats, as these types of food can increase inflammation and increase pain.
  • Reduce the physical activity that causes hip pain.
  • Keeping the body moving with physical activity that does not generate pain and has a controlled impact.
  • Reducing body weight helps not only to lessen the weight on the injured joint, but also to control the process of widespread inflammation caused by fat in the body.
  1. Physiotherapy

Physiotherapy is done as part of treatment to reduce pain and reorganize body structures damaged by osteoarthritis.

It should be done with the guidance of a specialist physiotherapist, through analgesic and anti-inflammatory therapies, exercises that aim to improve joint lubrication, work on hip amplitude and function, as well as balance and body compensation techniques.

  1. Exercises

It is recommended to practice physical activities that help to strengthen the thigh muscles and work on stretching the region.

Activities such as pilates, water aerobics and cycling should be part of the routine of people who suffer from osteoarthritis in the hip, in order to preserve movements and improve the frame.

But beware, each person must be evaluated individually. An activity that can do a lot of good for one type of person can accelerate hip wear and tear in another.

  1. Hip Injection

Hip Injection is a technique that can be applied to the structures around or directly inside the joint, and it can have the function of reducing inflammation or improving the joint situation.

According to the objective, substances such as corticosteroids (to reduce inflammation) and hyaluronic acid (to improve joint lubrication and environment) are injected.

The type of injection must be done according to the medical advice of the specialist orthopaedic doctor in West Delhi, according to previous analysis and treatment objective for each patient.

  1. Hip Replacement Surgery

Surgery for osteoarthritis in the hip should only be performed under the guidance of a specialist orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi. It is recommended when other treatments do not help to control pain or when there is a well-defined intrinsic benefit.

The hip replacement surgery in Delhi consists of removing the two parts of the diseased bone and placing components of hip prostheses. In these cases, after recovering from anesthesia, while still under observation, the patient begins to walk with a walker, continuing the treatment with a physical therapist.

Osteoarthritis in the hip is treatable

Osteoarthritis in the hip has no cure, but it has treatment that should be used to reduce and control pain, regain joint mobility and return the patient’s quality of life, says the orthopaedic in Delhi.

With medical guidance, it is possible to control symptoms and identify the best way to lead a pain-free life without limitations due to osteoarthritis in the hip.

Living with pain is not normal. Look for a specialist orthopaedic doctor in Delhi to treat hip arthrosis and resume your routine activities.

Also visit:

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Hip Fracture Treatment

HIP FRACTURES: ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW

The femur is the longest and strongest bone in the human body. For its fracture to occur, the effect of a sufficiently high force is necessary. One of these reasons could be, for example, a car accident.

The long, straight part of the femur is called the diaphysis. The fracture can occur at any part of it. Such fractures almost always require surgical treatment.

TYPES OF HIP FRACTURES

Depending on the energy of the injury, the nature of femoral fractures can vary greatly. Fragments may remain in their normal position (stable fractures) or significantly displaced (displaced fractures). The skin in the area of ​​the fracture may be intact (closed fracture) or it may be damaged, and the fracture may communicate with the external environment (open fracture).

Fractures are referred to by orthopaedic doctor in Delhi according to various classification systems. Hip fractures are classified according to:

  • Fracture localization (femur diaphysis is divided into thirds – distal, middle and proximal)
  • The nature of the fracture (the fracture line can be located in different ways: transversely, obliquely, etc.)
  • Damage to the skin and soft tissues in the area of ​​the fracture.

The most common types of hip shaft fractures are:

Transverse fracture. In this fracture, the line runs horizontally across the long axis of the thigh.

Oblique fracture. The fracture line is located at an angle to the axis of the thigh.

Spiral fracture. The fracture line is located in a spiral, as if surrounding the diaphysis of the thigh. The mechanism of such fractures is twisting along the long axis of the thigh.

Comminuted fracture. With such fractures, three or more bone fragments are formed. In most cases, the number of bone fragments is proportional to the severity of the traumatic effect that caused the fracture.

Open fracture. In such cases, the bone fragment can perforate the skin, or there is an open wound in the fracture area that communicates with the fracture zone. Open fractures are often characterized by greater damage to the surrounding muscles, tendons, and ligaments. These fractures have the highest risk of complications, especially infections, and usually take longer to heal.

CAUSES OF HIP FRACTURES

Fractures of the femur in young people are often the result of some kind of high-energy impact. The most common cause of hip shaft fractures is car accidents. Other common causes are pedestrian collisions with a moving vehicle and falls from a height.

Low-energy injuries, such as falls from their own height, can cause hip shaft fractures in older people with poor bone quality.

SYMPTOMS AND DIAGNOSIS OF FRACTURES

A hip shaft fracture usually immediately results in severe pain in the affected area. The victim loses the ability to lean on the injured leg, the hip may look deformed – it may be shorter and take an uncharacteristic position.

HISTORY AND PHYSICAL EXAMINATION

The orthopaedic in Delhi must know the circumstances of your injury. This information will help the orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi assess the energy of the injury and the presence of possible collateral damage.

It is important that the orthopaedic in Dwarka knows about any comorbidities you have – hypertension, diabetes, asthma, or allergies. The doctor will also ask you if you smoke or take any medications.

After discussing with you the nature of the injury and history, the orthopaedic in Janakpuri will perform a thorough physical examination. In doing so, the doctor will assess your general condition and then the condition of the injured limb. In this case, the orthopaedic in West Delhi will pay attention to details such as:

  • Visible limb deformity (unusual angle, rotation, or shortening of the limb)
  • Damage to the skin
  • Hemorrhage
  • Perforation with bone fragments of the skin

After a visual examination, the best orthopaedic in Delhi palpates the thigh, lower leg and foot, not the subject of possible pathological changes, tension of the skin and muscles in the fracture area. Also, the doctor will assess the nature of the pulse on the foot. If you are awake, your doctor will evaluate sensitivity and movement in your lower leg and foot.

RADIATION RESEARCH METHODS

Radiation testing allows the doctor to obtain more detailed information about your injury.

Radiography. It is the most commonly used method for diagnosing bone fractures. It allows not only to see the fracture, but also to characterize its type and localization.

Computed tomography. If the doctor needs more information about the nature of the fracture than is shown on the x-ray, the doctor may prescribe a CT scan. Sometimes the fracture line is very thin and almost invisible on radiographs. CT can help visualize these fractures more clearly.

TREATMENT OF HIP FRACTURES

CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT

Most hip shaft fracture treatment in Delhi require surgical intervention and rarely can be treated conservatively. So, the method of plaster immobilization is sometimes used to treat hip fractures in young children.

SURGERY

The timing of the operation. Most hip fractures are best operated within the first 24 to 48 hours after injury. Sometimes the operation is postponed due to the presence of life-threatening conditions or the need to stabilize the patient’s condition. To reduce the risk of infection in open fractures, patients are given antibiotics right after hospitalization. During the operation, open wounds, tissues and bone fragments are treated from contamination.

During the waiting period between admission to the hospital and surgery, the orthopaedic surgeon in Dwarka may temporarily fix your leg with a cast or skeletal traction. This allows you to maintain a more or less optimal position of the fragments and the length of the limb.

Skeletal traction is a system of blocks and weights with which bone fragments are held in one position. It allows not only to achieve the correct position of the fragments, but also to stop the pain syndrome.

External fixation. During such an operation, metal wires or rods are inserted into the femur above and below the fracture site, which are fixed to an external fixation device. This allows you to keep the fragments in the correct position.

External fixation is most often used as a method of temporary stabilization of a fracture in patients with multiple injuries, whose condition does not allow performing a more traumatic operation of internal fixation of the fracture. The second stage in such cases is performed after the patient’s condition has stabilized. In some cases, the external fixator is left on until the fracture is completely healed, but this is not common.

Intramedullary osteosynthesis. Today it is the most commonly used method of internal fixation of hip shaft fractures. In this case, special metal rods are used, which are inserted into the medullary canal of the femur. The rod passes through the fracture zone and holds the fragments in the correct position.

An intramedullary nail is inserted into the medullary canal from the side of the hip or knee joint. Above and below the fracture site, the rod is locked with screws to exclude mobility in the fracture area.

Intramedullary rods are usually made of titanium. They come in various lengths and diameters to fit most of the thigh bones.

Plates and screws. In such operations, the bone fragments are repositioned first, i.e. returning them to their normal position, after which the fragments are fixed from the side of the outer surface of the bone with a metal plate and screws.

This method is used when intramedullary osteosynthesis is not possible, for example, when the fracture line extends to the hip or knee joint.

RECOVERY AND REHABILITATION

Most fractures of the femoral shaft will heal within 3-6 months. Sometimes, for example, with open or comminuted fractures, as well as in smokers, it takes longer.

PAIN RELIEF

Pain after injury or surgery is a natural component of the healing process. Your doctor and nurses will do whatever is necessary to reduce pain and make your recovery more comfortable.

Various medications are usually used to relieve pain after an injury or surgery. These are paracetamol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants, opioids and topical drugs. In order to optimize the analgesic effect and reduce the patient’s need for narcotic analgesics, these drugs are often used in combination with each other. Some of these drugs can have side effects that affect your ability to drive or engage in other activities. The doctor will definitely tell you about the possible side effects of the drugs prescribed to you.

LOAD

Many doctors recommend starting movements in the joints of the operated limb as early as possible, but you need to load the leg when walking only in this way and only when and as your doctor permits.

In some cases, almost full loading is allowed immediately after the operation, but sometimes this is possible only after the first signs of fracture union appear. Therefore, we recommend that you strictly follow all the instructions of your orthopaedic surgeon in West Delhi.

You will need to use crutches or walkers when walking.

PHYSIOTHERAPY

After surgery, the muscles in the area of ​​the fracture are likely to be significantly weakened, so exercises to help restore muscle strength are very important during the rehabilitation process. Physiotherapy in Dwarka will restore normal muscle strength and joint mobility. It can also help you cope with postoperative pain.

A physiotherapist in Dwarka will likely start working with you while you are still in the hospital. He will also teach you how to use crutches or walkers correctly.

Contact Best Orthopaedic in Delhi for all Orthopaedic Treatments.

Knee Arthroscopy in Delhi

All About Knee Arthroscopy

What is knee arthroscopy?

Arthroscopy in Delhi is a surgical technique that allows you to directly see the inside of the knee joint and work inside it, without having to open it. Only two small incisions or cuts are made in the skin, about one centimetre each (which is why it is called a mini-invasive technique).

Arthroscopy in Delhi is considered the best current technique for meniscal injuries, adhesions, plica, loose bodies, cartilage injuries (chondroplasty) and reconstruction of cruciate ligaments, explains the orthopaedic in Delhi.

How is knee arthroscopy done?

The orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi, in order to see the inside of the joint well and avoid tissue injury with his manoeuvres, fills it with sterile pressure serum, which has the effect of inflating a balloon; and at the same time, it allows continuous joint washing, eliminating blood residues, excised tissue fragments, etc.

The patient lies on his back on the operating table. No system is necessary to pull the joint. You only need to lock the position of the thigh and the surgeon or assistant mobilizes the leg, opening the joint space.

Through an incision, a micro camera is introduced that illuminates and amplifies the interior of the joint, viewing the image on a television monitor. On the other hand, work instruments are introduced, such as probes, hand grippers and motorized smoothing devices.

The anaesthesia used is spinal anaesthesia (patient conscious but asleep from the waist down). Some sedation may be associated with this procedure to be calmer during the surgical act. General anaesthesia is reserved for special cases.

A tourniquet is used on the thigh to prevent bleeding from the knee during the operation, thus promoting vision through the camera.

Although it is a surgical act and requires the same aseptic conditions (cleanliness and sterility to avoid infection) as any other operation, the hospital stay is usually very short. In most cases, the patient can be discharged on the same day, when the anaesthetic effect has worn off. These operations can therefore be included in the program of major outpatient surgery, explains the orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi.

What does knee arthroscopy in Delhi show?

  • The appearance of synovialfluid (viscous fluid that lubricates the joint), which may be cloudy, contain blood or loose bodies, usually cartilage. Synovial fluid can be analysed to determine its composition in special cases.
    • The synovial membrane(the sac that lines the joint inside and produces synovial fluid). In certain cases, a sample (biopsy) is taken for analysis under a microscope.
    • The cartilage that lines the articular surfaces of the femur, tibia, and patella. It is palpated with a special hook to see the consistency and it is observed if it has injuries: wear (osteoarthritis), fissures, chondromalacia …
    • The menisci (internal and external): observed and palpated with the probe hook. Breaks, tearing, wear are detected …
  • The cruciate ligaments(anterior and posterior): they are seen and touched to determine partial or total tears, laxity, function … The collateral ligaments are not seen with this technique.
    • The way the patellamoves when the knee is bent and stretched, as well as the friction surfaces.

In which cases should an arthroscopy in Dwarka be performed?

Less and less to diagnose, as advances in ultrasound, CT (scanner) and nuclear magnetic resonance resolve it more and more frequently, although they are not infallible.

However, in cases of doubt or when a major intervention on the knee is planned, an arthroscopy can be performed beforehand, which will make it possible to confirm the diagnosis, rule out other injuries and decide the best possible treatment, which is also sometimes arthroscopic. Thus, in the same surgical act it is diagnosed and treated. In addition, there are patients who have contraindicated MRI (due to claustrophobia, or prosthetic heart valves), in those cases, diagnostic and therapeutic arthroscopy would be indicated by the orthopaedic doctor in Delhi.

Another diagnostic utility is to allow a synovial biopsy in certain diseases.

Currently, the main indications for performing a knee arthroscopy in Dwarka are:

  • Meniscal injuries: remove broken fragments, suture certain tears, regeneration techniques and meniscal reimplantation
  • cruciate ligament reconstruction: avoid opening the knee as before
  • cartilage injuries: cleaning, regenerative techniques (platelet growth factors, mosaicplasty)
  • removal of intra-articular loose bodies: fragments of detached cartilage or meniscus
  • removal of synovial plica or synovitis (synovial membrane hypergrowth)
  • cleaning on knees with osteoarthritis (wear) before reaching the total knee replacement

Recommendations at hospital discharge:
They are usually quite simple since it is a mini-invasive technique.

A compression bandage is placed, which the patient will remove at home after 48 hours. Then the first treatment is carried out, which consists of painting the two small wounds with Betadine and covering them with two adhesive dressings.

From there, the treatment will be repeated every day until the stitches fall out (about 2 to 4 weeks). It can be made to coincide with the shower as long as two rules are met:

  • quick shower: the less time the wounds are wet the better
  • WITH the dressings on: so that soap, shampoo, dirty water do not get into the wounds

After showering, the wet dressings are removed, the wounds are thoroughly dried with sterile gauze, painted with Betadine, and new dressings are placed.

From the moment the mobility of the legs recovers after anaesthesia, it is advisable to start walking. At first helped with crutches and following the indications of your orthopaedic surgeon in Dwarka regarding load (partial or complete). Usually, the patient leaves the hospital the same day walking with the help of two crutches.

An anti-inflammatory treatment is usually recommended at discharge for the first days.

It is advisable to apply ice locally for 10-15 minutes about 3-4 times a day to help reduce inflammation.

Depending on the diagnosis and treatment carried out, a specific physiotherapy may or may not be prescribed, with the recovery times greatly varying. The time in which you can return to sports or hard work depends on the injury: from 1 month to several months.

In the event of residual effusion (usually due to the persistence of the arthroscopic lavage fluid and more rarely due to bleeding into the joint, which is the hemarthros), an evacuating puncture may be necessary: ​​the area is punctured, and the excess fluid is extracted with a syringe. This procedure should only be performed by an orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi.

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Knee Arthroscopy

Knee arthroscopy: What are its benefits?

Thanks to knee arthroscopy, the orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi is able to see the joint completely while operating. Find out more below.

Knee arthroscopy in Delhi is a surgical procedure used in traumatology and orthopaedic surgery. This technique facilitates diagnosis and treats many problems and diseases located inside the joint.

In different part of world, it has been commonly used since the 1970s. For this reason, despite being carried out for years, it is still considered as a new technique in continuous advancement and expansion.

Keep in mind that, despite being a much less invasive method than others, knee arthroscopy in Delhi is a surgical procedure. For this reason, only surgeons specializing in traumatology and surgery should perform it.

The image it offers is collected thanks to a camera and only a minimal incision that barely leaves a scar is necessary. It is a non-invasive method that allows to reduce hospital admission times. In most cases, patients are discharged on the same day, facilitating recovery, explains the orthopaedic doctor in Delhi.

Indications of knee arthroscopy

This technique allows to visualize the inside of the knee in a minimally invasive way.

There are several problems or injuries in which this useful technique is used. Diseases of various types and injuries can damage different parts of the joint such as:

  • bone.
  • cartilage.
  • Meniscus.
  • tendons.
  • muscles.
  • ligaments.

Ligament injury

Cruciate ligament injury is one of the injuries that require knee arthroscopy in Dwarka for accurate diagnosis. The injury can occur in both the anterior and posterior ligaments.

The anterior cruciate ligament is the isolated ligament with an important stability function. The name is because it crosses with another ligament called the posterior cruciate ligament, which has an antero-posterior and lateral half direction.

This injury is the most common intraarticular problem and is usually caused by lateral leg twisting. In addition, if associated with internal meniscus rupture and internal lateral ligament, it is called triad. It is very common in footballers, says the sports injury specialist in west Delhi.

In a young person, moderately active, with discomfort and feeling of failure, the ligament must be reconstructed. This is because in the medium term it usually causes early degeneration of the joint and predisposes to meniscus injury, explains the orthopaedic in Delhi.

Meniscal injury

Meniscus injuries are often one of the main indications for using this technique, both in diagnosis and repair.

Meniscus is a cartilage that has important functions within the knee such as:

  • cushioning.
  • Cartilage protection.
  • Improve joint function.

Sometimes, when a clean, recent and peripheral injury occurs, the meniscus can be sutured. There are two types of suture: all with a knee arthroscopy, or mixed, less frequent.

With a knee arthroscopy in Dwarka, meniscus transplants from tissue donors can also be performed.

Wear or degeneration of joint cartilage.

Cartilage is a pearly layer of low friction that coats the joint part of the femur, tibia and kneecap. The most common cause of cartilage lesions is osteoarthritis.

However, more triggers are in this situation. It can also be caused by osteochondritis desiccant, infections, metabolic problems or trauma, among others. Depending on the patient’s age, activity and expectations, there are several surgical techniques for repairing or reconstructing cartilage.

Benefits of knee arthroscopy in Delhi

Thanks to this technique the hospitalization time is reduced, facilitating a prompt recovery of the patient.

The advantage of this technique over other common surgical procedures is that the orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi is able to see the joint completely. It does this thanks to a small instrument called an arthroscope.

Another advantage of knee arthroscopy in Delhi is that only very small incisions are needed. Thus, usually this technique leads to a reduction of the time of stay in the hospital and a rapid recovery.

Many patients who have knee arthroscopy can leave the medical centre the same day they are operated on. In turn, being small incisions, a better aesthetic result is achieved, especially in exposed areas of the body.

But don’t forget that patients undergoing knee arthroscopy can do so due to different injuries or pathologies. Therefore, the previous particular conditions will condition the stay in the hospital and the total recovery time. In short, not all patients will respond equally to this surgery, says the orthopaedic in Delhi.

Total Hip Replacement in Delhi

TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT: WHAT TO DO?

Total hip replacement (arthroplasty) is a surgical procedure consisting in replacing the hip joint with artificial parts. Most often, it is people whose degenerative disease destroys the hip joint and causes chronic pain.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has said that approximately 28% of people over 60 years of age have osteoarthritis and, of this group, 80% have limitation in their movements of ordinary life. In India, as we continue to age, the possibility of this reality is becoming more and more frequent.

According to the orthopaedic in Delhi, Osteoarthritis of the hip, in musculoskeletal diseases, is perhaps the one that generates the greatest disability; the functionality of the patient decreases due to loss of movement and disabling pain. But let’s review what osteoarthritis really is to understand its treatment.

Articular cartilage is a specialized tissue that covers every joint, allowing mobility and ideal adaptation in these areas to favour arches of motion.

But how is cartilage formed? They are highly specialized cells called chondrocytes, which differ from the embryonic stage and, when located in the joints, have biomechanical properties; They are capable of supporting the necessary loads associated with movement, walking, etc.

These cells produce collagen, which makes it possible to better support the physiological loads of movement and determine the characteristics of structure and differentiation according to the stimulus. These cells accompany us throughout life in our joints.

The downside is that these cells are not capable of reproducing in vitro and if there is injury or local damage they do not regenerate.

There is still no proven drug that can stimulate the reproduction of new chondrocytes that have the same properties as the original cells. When the cartilage erodes, a cartilage with regular characteristics called fibrocartilage is produced, which is not capable of imitating the original functions of the original articular cartilage. If the injury is considerable, it will inevitably end in osteoarthritis, says the orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi.

Osteoarthritis has different origins. It can be presented by a degenerative process, such as collagen diseases and the best known is rheumatoid arthritis; due to mechanical alteration, as is the case of angular or rotational alterations of the extremities, which wear irregularly the articular surface, for example, untreated hip dysplasia in children will surely end in osteoarthritis at some point in life. Osteoarthritis, too, can occur due to intra-articular fracture, which destroys cartilage and ends in post-traumatic osteoarthritis.

Finally, patients who have been apparently healthy, for genetic reasons and individually end up developing osteoarthritis in a primary way.

The treatment of osteoarthritis is aimed at protecting the function of the joint; This implies controlling the patient’s weight, performing activities of daily living that reduce excessive loads on the compromised joints, maintaining an adequate balance of the muscles around the joints, and understanding that the progression of osteoarthritis will possibly end in a greater compromise, explains the orthopaedic doctor in Delhi.

Each case is different and therefore the approach must be individualized.

On the market they offer different drugs that promise to “improve” osteoarthritis; unfortunately, studies show that the vast majority either do not work or barely achieve a feeling of pain control and a placebo effect. But none have succeeded in making the destroyed cartilage regenerate hyaline cartilage. Caution should be exercised with the use of these options, some of which are expensive and do not guarantee substantial changes.

When osteoarthritis has compromised the hip and the pain becomes disabling, the patient should go to the orthopaedist in Delhi, who will assess the age, work activity, sports and family expectations of the patient. Generally, total hip replacement in Delhi will be the option, to control pain and regain mobility.

We owe the development of hip prostheses to the British orthopaedist Sir John Charnley, who through experiments on animals and then on humans in the 1940s managed to design and develop hip replacement using bone cement. (methyl methacrylate) to better adapt it to the bone.

This design allowed the hip joint replacement technique to be perfected in the following years, being today one of the most frequent surgeries in the world of orthopaedic surgery.

This managed to change the prognosis of the disease and allowed the patients to have an ordinary life, without pain, and with the functionality necessary according to their condition.

For this reason, when this procedure is defined, one must have the peace of mind of traceability over time, the high performance of prosthetic materials, refined techniques and in-hospital processes that favour a rapid recovery of the patient.

Of course, this total hip replacement surgery in Delhi embodies inherent risks such as infection associated with any procedure, thromboembolic disease and other entities that are generally associated with the condition of each patient.

They are risks that are tried to be minimized with guides and protocols that help to give patients an excellent post-operative period and that increasingly show us success stories.

So, when you have hip pain, lameness and functional limitation, go to an orthopaedic doctor in Delhi specialized in traumatology to guide you and improve your style and quality of life.

Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip Replacement Surgery- What you need to know

The specialty is generically known as the hip and deals with complex problems involving the pelvis region (pelvis), in addition to the hip joint itself, which is the meeting point between the femoral head and the pelvis.

The pelvis is responsible for the transmission of body weight and its distribution to the lower limbs, a frequent site of inflammation, pain, tendonitis, and muscle imbalances, which compromise the quality of life, both of sedentary patients, and of amateur or professional athletes.

The complicated anatomy characterized by an intimate relationship with the lumbar spine, in addition to pelvic organs and neurovascular bundles, often causes diagnostic doubt and treatment errors, says the orthopaedic in Delhi.

Hip pain, as in any joint (meeting between two bones), can be of intra or extra-articular origin. The most prevalent intra-articular diseases are: femoroacetabular impingement, arthrosis, and avascular necrosis of the femoral head. Tendonitis, also known as bursitis, is the main cause outside the joint.

When is hip surgery indicated?

Hip Arthroplasty or hip replacement in Delhi is surgery to replace the joint with a mechanical model called a hip prosthesis. It reproduces joint function very similar to the original biological model.

We know that the hip is a joint formed by the meeting of the head of the femur (thigh bone) and the acetabulum (part of the pelvis), stabilized by a reinforced set of ligaments.

In this way, Hip Arthroplasty is indicated when the patient has some type of disease in the hip that results in the joint’s inability to perform natural day-to-day activities.

The main advantage of hip replacement surgery in Delhi is the relief of pain and the recovery of the functions of the joint, which makes the patient return to perform daily activities painlessly, explains the orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi.

There are several factors that cause a person to experience pain in the hip. Some of them are:

  • Osteoarthritis: type of arthritis that causes wear of the cartilage that cushions the hip bones and is related to age. It can also be caused by small irregularities in the development of the hip in childhood.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and thickening of the synovial membrane, which can damage cartilage, causing pain and stiffness.
  • Post-traumatic arthritis: cartilage injury that may arise following an injury or severe hip fracture, causing pain and stiffness in the hip over time.
  • Avascular necrosis: limitation of blood supply to the femoral head caused by an injury to the hip, such as a dislocation or fracture.

Once the orthopaedic doctor in Delhi and the patient opts ​​for hip surgery, the specialist can request several physical exams before the surgical procedure, to confirm that the health conditions allow the surgery to be performed.

Before and after hip surgery

Now let’s talk a little more about everything that involves before and after hip replacement surgery in Delhi. Do you know how you know the care that must be taken by both patients and doctors?

Before surgery

Before surgery, the patient is advised to perform blood tests, chest radiography, electrocardiogram and urine samples. That’s because many elderly patients may have undiagnosed urinary tract infections that can lead to a hip infection after surgery, explains the orthopaedic in Delhi.

The type of anaesthesia can vary between general anaesthesia with a breathing tube or regional blocks. In some situations, where only a few screws are planned for fixation, local anaesthesia with heavy sedation can be considered, explains the orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi.

During surgery and for the next 24 hours, all patients receive antibiotics.

After surgery

After hip arthroplasty, patients may be discharged from the orthopaedic clinic in Delhi to return to their homes or to seek a stay in a rehabilitation unit. In all cases, assistance and attention is needed for patients to recover properly, says the orthopaedic in Dwarka.

Pain after hip surgery is a natural part of the healing process and so the doctor and the nursing staff work to reduce the pain. The drugs are prescribed for short-term pain relief.

It is possible that some patients will be encouraged to get out of bed the day after surgery with the assistance of a physical therapist, who will work to assist in the recovery of strength and the ability to walk. This process can take up to three months.

In some cases, a blood transfusion may be necessary after surgery. However, long-term antibiotics are generally not needed. Most patients can still receive a dose of blood thinning medications to reduce the chances of developing blood clots.

It is also important to note that, after hip replacement surgery in Delhi, most patients will regain the mobility and independence they had before the injury.

Some important precautions after hip surgery, to avoid complications such as prosthesis dislocation and bone fracture are:

  • Lie on your back and with your legs spread;
  • Do not cross your legs to avoid displacement of the prosthesis;
  • Do not sit in very low places;
  • Avoid turning your leg in or out;
  • Physiotherapy;
  • Perform activities only under the guidance of the doctor or physiotherapist.

What are the main diseases of the hip?

The patient should seek guidance from an orthopaedic specialist in the hip in the following cases:

  • Hip arthritis: inflammation of local joints. The most common type is inflammatory arthritis, which is when there is a change in the patient’s immune system, involving pain and swelling in the region.
  • Hip arthrosis: it is also known as osteoarthritis; it is degeneration of the cartilage that protects the bones. This damage also extends to the ligaments and joints causing pain, swelling and difficulty in movement.
  • Hip stress fractures: it occurs in the neck of the femur when stress is generated in the bone.
  • Fracture in the coccyx: occurs mainly in cases of fall or a very strong impact, capable of causing some type of injury at the site. It is common for the patient to feel a lot of pain in the region, in addition to having difficulty moving.
  • Hip dislocation: it is a dislocation of the bones of the hip joint. They happen in moments of trauma in the place, for example, in a fall. However, the condition can also be congenital, when the child is born with the dislocation or ends up acquiring it (developmental dysplasia of the hip).
  • Hip tendonitis: inflammation in the tendons of the region, capable of causing pain and swelling.
  • Hip bursitis: inflammation of the bursa that is between the muscle and the tendon, in order to avoid a large impact between tendons and bones. When the patient presents this condition, he feels pain in the joints and difficulties to move the inflamed site.