Recurrent urinary tract infection or chronic urinary tract infection involves at least two episodes in a period of six months or three episodes in a year.
Usually, women have problems with recurrent urinary tract infections. Moreover, recurrent urinary tract infection can even lead to kidney stones.
In 85% of cases, the bacterium involved is Escherichia Coli, a germ that is commonly found in the colon and anus. This bacterium colonizes and infects the urinary tract, causing the appearance of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, but also prostate abscess explains nephrologist in Delhi.
Factors that lead to the recurrence of urinary tract infections
Recurrent urinary tract infections are most often caused by different bacteria. Diabetes is a powerful predisposing factor. The factors involved in the occurrence of recurrent urinary tract infections differ by sex.
Thus, the main predisposing factors are the abnormalities of the urinary tract, the insufficient emptying of the bladder, chronic constipation, the use of the diaphragm as a contraceptive method, poor hygiene, inflammatory pelvic disease, vaginitis and atrophic urethritis (after the installation of menopause), says the best nephrologist in Delhi.
In men, the main factors that cause urinary tract infections to recur are incomplete urination, prostate adenoma, anatomical abnormalities of the urinary tract, low immunity.
Symptoms of urinary tract infection
- Frequent urination;
- The sensation continues to urinate;
- Pain in the lower back;
- Fever may sometimes be present;
- Nausea, dizziness, vomiting;
- The urine is cloudy and has a bad, altered odor.
The patient will have a summary of urine and a cytobacteriological examination. After the result of the laboratory tests, it is possible that the kidney specialist in Delhi may also want to perform additional tests, such as pelvic ultrasound or urography.
The main rules for the prevention of urinary tract infections
- Adequate local hygiene. Wash daily with hot water and soap. Do not use bath foam or shower gel for the genital area. Also, make sure that your underwear is made from natural materials.
- The sense of deletion is made from the front to the back, to avoid the transmission of bacteria in the urinary tract.
- The fluid intake is directly proportional to the volume of urine removed.
- Menopause women are advised to undergo estrogen replacement therapy.
- Urination immediately after sexual contact is recommended by nephrologist in Noida.
- Long-term antibiotic administration should be done only at the recommendation of a specialist nephrologist in Gurgaon.
- Vitamin C also has the role of protecting the bladder against bacteria.
Treatment for recurrent urinary tract infections
It is possible for the patient to undergo antibiotic treatment for 6 months, sometimes even longer. Proper hydration is especially important.
It is also essential to educate the habit of urinating before and after intercourse to facilitate the elimination of bacteria that can settle in the urethra. For the treatment of urinary tract infections it is also important to treat chronic constipation efficiently, suggest the best kidney specialist in Delhi.
It is obligatory for the patient to come to the nephrologist in Delhi to initiate antibiotic treatment. If the condition is not treated, it can be complicated by infections in the kidney (pyelonephritis), which can lead to even loss of renal function.