Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in the male population. More than 1 million new cases are diagnosed each year. Therefore, it is important to be attentive to the symptoms of prostate cancer and how to prevent its appearance.
The best way to prevent this oncological pathology from affecting a man is to periodically go to the best urologist in Noida for urological check-ups. Once a year from the age of 45, it is necessary to monitor the male urological system. Only in this way can this disease be diagnosed early to treat it appropriately in time.
What can be the causes of this pathology?
As in any other oncological pathology, it is not easy to determine the cause that originates the appearance of a malignant tumor. Today we can only talk about risk factors that can influence its possible appearance. Thus, among these factors are:
- The genetic. As in all cancer processes, it is considered a very common risk factor that there is another person in the family who has suffered from this cancer.
- Age. Normally it is a pathology that appears more frequently after the age of 45 and even more frequently in men over 60 years of age.
- Genetic changes Genes such as HPC1, HPC2, HPCX and CAPB, ATM, and FANCA have been shown to increase the likelihood of prostate cancer in men.
- Environmental factors such as pollution, exposure to toxic agents or food or other harmful lifestyle habits such as smoking or obesity.
Symptoms of prostate cancer
The prostate cancer may have symptoms very late, i.e. when the disease is already well advanced. In its initial stages, in fact, it can become asymptomatic or present very mild signs of obstruction, explains the urologist in Noida.
There is also a tendency to differentiate the symptoms of a local tumor from those of an advanced prostate tumor, although in general terms the warning signs can be such as:
- Hematuria: appearance of blood in the urine.
- Increased urination frequency.
- Urge incontinence or urge to urinate urgently.
- Post-void drip, that is, an intermittent drip when the bladder has already been emptied.
- Pain and burning during urination which is known as dysuria.
- It takes a long time to start urination and the stream is weak.
- Feeling of not having completely emptied the bladder.
- Urinary retention if the urethra has become obstructed.
- Pain in the lower back
- Difficulties in sexual relations, that is, the appearance of erectile dysfunction.
However, it is important to note that these symptoms are not exclusive to prostate cancer and may refer to another urological pathology. In fact, almost all obstructive symptoms usually appear in cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia, explains the urologist in Greater Noida.
How is this tumor diagnosed?
The diagnosis of prostate cancer should always be in the hands of a specialist in Urology who has performed the relevant tests to detect it. Thus, traditionally, when a patient had symptoms of this possible pathology, a rectal examination and a urological ultrasound were performed in addition to a urinalysis and a prostate specific antigen (PSA) analysis.
These types of tests are basic in a consultation with the urologist in Ghaziabad and, on occasions, are increased to the indication of a flowmetry or a transrectal ultrasound. However, when the specialist suspects that there may be a malignant tumor, he or she tells the patient to perform a prostate biopsy.
Traditionally, an invasive intervention was performed to effectively detect this tumor. However, nowadays medical advances have allowed the prostate fusion biopsy to be performed, a novel diagnostic test that improves the reliability of the diagnosis and facilitates the recovery of the patient.
How is prostate cancer treated?
There are many types of prostate cancer treatment in Delhi available today, each with specific benefits and side effects. Only a careful analysis of the patient’s characteristics (age, life expectancy, etc.) and of the disease (low, intermediate or high risk) will allow the urologist specialist to recommend the most suitable and personalized strategy and to agree on the therapy also based on preferences of who has to undergo prostate cancer treatment in Noida.