Frequent Urination

The Main Causes of Frequent Urination

Frequent Urination

The Main Causes of Frequent Urination

Motion is the way in which the body eliminates residual fluids. Urine contains water, uric acid, urea, toxins, and waste. The kidneys play an important role in the production of urine.

Frequent urination refers to the need to urinate more often than usual. This can affect your daily life, interrupt your sleep cycle and can be a sign of a medical condition. Elimination of more than 3 liters per day of urine is called polyuria. Often, there is a simple cause of polyuria that can be treated.

Frequent urination should not be confused with urinary incontinence, where there is an involuntary leakage of urine. Urinary frequency is the need to urinate more often. It can occur with urinary incontinence, but it is not the same.

Most people urinate about 6-7 times in 24 hours. The urinary frequency can be defined as needing to urinate more than 7 times in 24 hours, although only about two liters of fluids have been consumed.

However, individuals differ and most people show up to the urologist in Noida when urination becomes so frequent that it affects their daily activities. Children have smaller bladders, which is why they will urinate more frequently.

Sometimes, frequent urination can indicate a more serious condition. Early identification can lead to effective timely treatment and can prevent complications.

Causes

Frequent urination may occur as a result of consuming large amounts of liquids, such as coffee or alcohol, or it may develop as a habit.

However, frequent urination can signal certain conditions of the kidneys or bladder.

Causes of frequent urination:

  • diabetes mellitus;
  • Insipid diabetes;
  • Prostate disorders;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Anxiety;
  • Medications (diuretics);
  • Stroke;
  • Infections of the uterine tract;
  • Tumor mass in the pelvic area;
  • Interstitial cystitis (inflammation of the bladder mucosa);
  • Bladder syndrome – causes involuntary contraction of the bladder, causing a sudden need to bite;
  • Bladder cancer;
  • Kidney stones;
  • Urinary incontinence;
  • Radiation of the pelvis, such as that during cancer treatment;
  • Diverticular disease of the colon;
  • Chlamydia (sexually transmitted infection).

There are other causes of frequent urination. Aging leads to this condition because the body no longer produces hormones that prevent urination at night, thus causing nocturia.

The bladder also loses its elasticity throughout life, making it difficult to maintain urine for long periods of time.

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms that may occur when a person frequently urinates are:

  • Pain and discomfort during urination;
  • Hematuria – the presence of blood in the urine;
  • Urinary incontinence;
  • Difficulty with urination;
  • Modified vaginal secretions;
  • You were thirsty;
  • Fever or chills;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Low back pain.

It is recommended to consult the best urologist in Noida if these symptoms are present or if the increased urinary frequency affects the quality of life.

Frequent urination may indicate kidney damage. Untreated, it can permanently affect the kidneys. If frequent urination occurs as a result of an infection, bacteria can enter the bloodstream and infect other areas of the body.

This can be life-threatening, which is why it is necessary to consult a urologist in Ghaziabad early.

Diagnostics

The best urologist in Ghaziabad will perform a detailed analysis of the patient’s history and a physical examination, requesting as much information about the symptoms. They can request information about:

  • The moment when the need for frequent urination arose;
  • Details about the drugs administered;
  • The amount of liquids consumed;
  • If there is any change in color, odor or consistency of urine;
  • If alcohol or caffeine is consumed and in what quantities.

Investigations include:

  • Uro-culture;
  • Blood Tests;
  • Abdominal ultrasound;
  • Radiography or CT of the abdomen or pelvis;
  • Neurological testing to detect any nervous disorder.

Urodynamic tests

Urodynamic tests evaluate the effectiveness of the bladder in the storage and delivery of urine and examine the functions of the urethra. They aim to:

  • Record the time required to produce a urinary flow;
  • Mention of the amount of urine produced;
  • The ability to stop a urinary flow.

To obtain accurate measurements, the urologist in Greater Noida can use:

  • Imaging equipment to observe the filling and emptying of the bladder;
  • Devices that allow the measurement of the pressure inside the bladder;
  • Sensors that allow the recording of muscular and nervous activity.

The patient must change his fluid intake or give up certain medications before testing, according to the recommendations of the best urologist in Greater Noida.

Treatment

Treatment will depend on the causes underlying the disease:

  • If the diagnosis is diabetes, the treatment will aim to keep the blood sugar under control;
  • In bacterial infections, the typical treatment is represented by antibiotics;
  • If the causative factor is an overactive bladder, medicines known as anticholinergics may be used. They prevent the occurrence of involuntary muscle contractions in the bladder.

It is recommended that the medication be prescribed and monitored by a urologist in Vaishali. Specialists recommend training the bladder for the improvement of symptoms. This can be done as follows:

  • Pregnant women can do Kegel exercises (contracting followed by relaxation of pubococcal muscles). These exercises can help the pregnant woman improve her control over these muscles;
  • Train the bladder in maintaining a longer time of the urine. The training is effective if it lasts at least 2-3 months;
  • Monitoring of fluid intake. The patient should especially avoid the use of fluids before bedtime.

Prevention

People can take measures to reduce the likelihood of developing this disorder:

  • Avoid drinking certain foods before bedtime. Drinks and foods known to increase the likelihood of nocturia are alcohol, citrus juice, coffee, tea, tomatoes, melons, cucumbers;
  • Maintaining an active lifestyle;
  • Avoid foods that can irritate the bladder or act as diuretics, such as chocolate, spicy foods or artificial sweeteners;
  • Constipation can also contribute to frequent urination by exerting pressure on the bladder. It is necessary to increase the fiber intake or use laxatives, as they can help reduce constipation;
  • Performing Kegel pelvic exercises. They help to deepen the muscles that support the bladder and pelvic organs.

Conclusions

Frequent urination can be a symptom of several basic conditions. If it occurs, it is recommended to consult a urologist in Delhi.

It can make a correct diagnosis and can also provide proper treatment.

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