How can I know if I have kidney disease?
According to the best nephrologist in Delhi, In general, kidney disease in its initial stage has no symptoms. The only way to know how well your kidneys are working is to be tested. Have a kidney disease check if you suffer from:
- High Blood Pressure
- Heart Disease
- Family history of Kidney Failure
If you have diabetes, get checked every year. If you suffer from high blood pressure, heart disease or have a family history of kidney failure, talk to your kidney specialist in Delhi about how often you should be evaluated. The sooner you know that you have kidney disease, the sooner you can get treatment to help protect your kidneys.
Have a checkup to determine if you have kidney disease. Early treatment can help protect your kidneys.
What tests do doctors use to diagnose and monitor kidney disease?
To determine if you have kidney disease, doctors order:
- A blood test that evaluates how well your kidneys are filtering your blood, called GFR (blood test). GFR is the English acronym for glomerular filtration rate.
- A urine test to detect albumin. Albumin is a protein that can pass into the urine when the kidneys are damaged.
If you have kidney disease, your nephrologist in Delhi will order the same two tests to help monitor your kidney disease and make sure your treatment plan is working.
GFR blood test
Your nephrologist in Gurgaon will order a blood test to evaluate the function of your kidneys. The test results mean the following:
- A GFR of 60 or more is within the normal range in most older people. Ask your doctor when you should have the GFR test again.
- A GFR of less than 60 may indicate that you have kidney disease. Talk to your doctor about how to keep your kidneys healthy at this level.
- A GFR of 15 or less is called the kidney failure. Most people who get a result below this level need to undergo dialysis or a kidney transplant. Talk to your nephrologist in Noida about your treatment options.
The GFR results show if your kidneys are filtering at a normal level.
You cannot raise your GFR, but you can try to keep it from decreasing.
Creatinine: Creatinine is a waste product of your body’s muscle metabolism. Your kidneys remove creatinine from your blood. Providers use the amount of creatinine in their blood to estimate their GFR. As the disease of the kidneys progresses, the creatinine level rises.
Urine test to detect albumin
If you are at risk of kidney disease, your doctor can evaluate your urine for albumin.
Albumin is a protein found in the blood. A healthy kidney does not pass albumin from the blood into the urine. A damaged kidney lets some albumin pass into the urine. The less albumin you have in your urine, the better. The presence of albumin in the urine is called albuminuria.
A healthy kidney does not let blood albumin pass into the urine. A damaged kidney lets some albumin pass into the urine.
A kidney specialist in Gurgaon can detect albumin in your urine in two ways:
Test strip for albumin. The provider uses a urine sample to detect albumin in your urine. You collect the urine sample in a container at the doctor’s office or in the laboratory. For the test, the provider places a chemically treated paper tape, called a test strip, into the urine. The test strip changes color if albumin is present in the urine.
Albumin creatinine ratio in the urine (UACR). This test measures and compares the amount of albumin with the amount of creatinine in your urine sample. Providers use this ratio to estimate how much albumin passes into their urine in 24 hours. A urine albumin result of:
- 30 mg / g or less is normal.
- More than 30 mg / g may be a sign of kidney disease.
If you have albumin in your urine, your nephrologist in Gurgaon may want to repeat the urine test one or two more times to confirm the results. Talk to your doctor about what values mean specifically to you.
If you have kidney disease, measuring albumin in your urine helps your doctor know what is the best treatment for you. A level of albumin in the urine that stays the same or decreases may indicate that the treatment is working.
How do I know if my kidney disease is progressing?
You can keep a record of the results of your tests over time. You can say that your treatments are working if:
- Your GFR stays the same.
- Your albumin in the urine stays the same or decreases.
Your doctor for kidney in Delhi will work with you to control your kidney disease.