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Dental Malocclusion: Causes, Consequences and Treatment

What does the aesthetics of a smile refer to? In addition to the color of the teeth and the health of the gums, we must not forget to have a correct occlusion. The bite, known as dental occlusion, refers to the alignment of the teeth or, in other words, the relationship established between the upper and lower teeth. Conversely, the causes of a malocclusion may have certain consequences for the development of the teeth, jaw, and even the face, explains the best dentist in Delhi.

Correct Dental Occlusion

A perfect dental occlusion is said to be very difficult to find. We can say that a dental occlusion is optimal when the molars and premolars of both arches have perfect contact with each other when the mouth is closed, and the upper incisors cover the lower ones, supporting each other properly, says the dentist in Delhi.

The malocclusion (or abnormal bite), on the other hand, appears when for one reason or another, it does not respect that contact. It is enough that a single tooth is not in correct relationship with those around it to reach malocclusion.

Causes of Dental Malocclusion

The causes of dental malocclusion can be divided into general and local causes.

General causes

General causes include:

  • Hereditary causes (such as the shape of the jaws)
  • Genetic syndromes (e.g. Down syndrome, Turner etc.)

Local causes

The local causes are many and depend on a variety of factors.

  • One of them could be the disproportion between the size of the maxilla and the teeth.

That is, if a child’s jaw is very small, his teeth may become crowded. An example of this would be when the extraction of a baby tooth (caused by caries or trauma) at the dental clinic in Rani Bagh, and the neighboring teeth take their place. Later when that permanent tooth comes out it won’t have enough space.

  • Another possible cause could be the disproportion between the maxilla and mandible.

If the maxilla is larger than the jaw, the upper teeth may grow larger than the lower teeth, leading to an overbite. Otherwise, when the jaw is larger, the lower teeth cover the upper teeth, which is called the anterior crossbite.

  • Other causes

Other factors that lead to malocclusion are the habit of sucking, whether during prolonged breastfeeding, of the finger, tongue, lip or pacifier and also bruxism.

The mouth breathing associated with adenotonsillar hypertrophy or allergic rhinitis can also be causes of malocclusion, explains the dentist in Rani Bagh.

Symptoms and Signs of Malocclusion

Dental Malocclusions

The most typical signs of malocclusion are mainly aesthetic due to dental crowding or an abnormal bite (upper or lower overbite) with visible consequences on the face.

On the other hand, mild malocclusions do not produce any type of symptoms. However, the bass can affect bite, chewing, speech, or eating problems, says the dentist in Saraswati Vihar.

Consequences of Malocclusion

Although a large number of malocclusions do not seriously affect health, they should be treated during adolescence so as not to distort the appearance of the teeth and the shape of the face in the future. We are not only talking about functional but also aesthetic consequences that could lead to psychological and emotional problems such as lack of self-esteem, anxiety or depression, says the dentist in Delhi.

In severe cases, the functionality of the teeth, mouth or jaw could be affected since malocclusion could cause difficulty chewing certain foods and proper cleaning cannot be carried out. From here periodontal diseases appear, such as gingivitis or periodontitis and/or dental caries, warns the best dentist in Delhi.

Likewise, if the teeth are misaligned and there is not a correct bite, the temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ) develops, accompanied by severe pain and the inability to open the mouth sufficiently.

Finally, a malocclusion can lead to conditions at the cranial level (migraines, headaches, etc.) or the spinal column, states the best dentist in Pitampura.

Treatment of Malocclusion

The orthodontist in Pitampura is the one in charge of treating the malocclusion. Before starting treatment, the orthodontist will need to conduct a case study with:

  • Questions about current health status.
  • Examine both teeth and tissues.
  • Dental X-rays and photos (extraoral and intraoral).
  • Intraoral scanner to carry out the digital impression, preview the movements of the teeth and also the duration of the treatment.

Depending on the type of malocclusion, traditional brace orthodontics may be recommended by the best orthodontist in Pitampura (do not worry because there are different aesthetic types from which you can choose) for a period of 2 years (or more) or invisible orthodontics.

Dental Sealants, Prevents Cavities Easy and Painless

Did you know that with dental sealants you can prevent annoying tooth decay, without the need for anesthesia, without pain, and at a low cost? Keep reading to find out more.

In order to understand how sealants work, one must first talk about how cavities are formed, in simple terms caries lesions are formed when dentobacterial plaque (cluster of bacteria) is formed in the teeth and this plaque is attached to the teeth, If this plaque is not removed with brushing, two things will remain there indefinitely, it becomes tartar or causes caries lesions, these bacteria use carbohydrates (simple and complex sugars) as their food, forming acids and these acids are what they form decay (and destroy the tooth), explains oral surgeon in Pitampura.

But not all teeth are equally susceptible to decay, the most prone are the teeth in the posterior area of the mouth (premolars and molars) because in its anatomy, there are small grooves in which the plate is trapped and brushing is difficult to reach these areas, making them susceptible to developing decay, says dentist in Delhi.

Due to the anatomy of the teeth and other factors such as high carbohydrate feeding, caries susceptibility due to the type of bacteria present in each person’s mouth, as well as poor hygiene, together these factors, will cause the lesions to appear Carious and its growth, which if not stopped, will reach the heart of the tooth, will destroy it, causing intense pain and in more severe cases, the loss of the dental organ, explains the best dentist in Delhi.

Fortunately, for the benefit of people, there is a fairly simple and economical method of preventing tooth decay, and they are the sealers of pits and fissures, this method involves the use of a special resin (filling), which is placed in liquid form on the pits and fissures that the teeth have, obstructing them, in this way, the dentobacterial plaque that forms cavities, will not be deposited there, and without bacterial plaque, there is no risk of developing caries, says dentist in Saraswati Vihar.

The advantages of using dental sealants are the following:

  1. It does not require anesthesia, so it is a painless procedure and in the case of children or people with phobia to the dentist, this helps to avoid the fear of common dental procedures.
  2. It is quite simple to do; since it only requires a cleaning of the teeth that the sealers will receive, placement of some special substances to create microperforations in the teeth, placement of the adhesive and subsequent placement of the sealant to immediately harden it.
  3. It is quite economical; Although dental procedures are generally not as economical, comparing the cost-benefit ratio obtained by preventing tooth decay, and preventing tooth decay prevents perforations in the tooth that over time can end up with vitality. of the same, sealants result in the cheapest and easiest option to maintain good oral health.
  4. Because cavities do not form, visits to the dentist in Rani Bagh are quite simple and enjoyable for both the patient and the dentist.

It should be clarified that sealants once put in the mouth, have an average life of 5 years, in which the sealant is worn down until it is lost, and it only remains when this happens, visit your dentist in Pitampura again to have a new sealer. Another thing to clarify is that sealants can only be placed on healthy teeth that do not have any existing carious lesion, if a tooth already had decay and a resin filling or amalgam was placed, it is no longer a candidate tooth to receive a sealant.

In addition to having a sealer does not imply neglecting hygiene since although cavities are not going to form on the teeth that received the sealant, poor hygiene causes inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) that if left untreated becomes tartar ( periodontitis) and this in addition to bad breath (halitosis) can cause over time, dental mobility and the possible loss of one or several teeth, explains the best dentist in Pitampura.

Our recommendation is that if you are a young person or as an adult you want to avoid the problems of visiting the dental clinic in Rani Bagh, anesthesia and the sound of the handpiece (drill) you choose the option of sealants, your visits to the dentist in Rani Bagh will only be simple and easy for a long time.

Dental Filling: Caries Removal Treatment

Cavities are one of the most common oral diseases in our society, not only nationally but worldwide. When we fail to detect caries in time, it is necessary to perform a specific treatment to be able to eliminate it.

Today at Dental Clinic in Rani Bagh we tell you everything you need to know about dental fillings.

What is a dental filling?

Before dentist in Delhi begin to explain what a filling is, we must first specify what a caries is. Recall that, when we talk about tooth decay, we mean the destruction of the tissues of the tooth that is caused by two specific causes.

First, by eating food or drinks that contain acids and sugars. On the other hand, it can be the result of poor oral hygiene such as insufficient brushing or errors in the technique of brushing.

The dental fillings, also known as shutter, is a treatment used to repair any damaged tooth. The decay of a certain tooth is eliminated to prevent the disease from progressing and thus not affecting the nerve of the tooth since if it reaches this point a root canal would have to be performed, says the best dentist in Delhi.

How is a filling made?

Dental filling treatments are simple and fast, as they take about 40 or 50 minutes. As a general rule, the procedure is as follows:

  • Anesthesia: the dentist applies local anesthesia in the cases that are required. Anesthesia is usually used when caries is in an advanced state and affects dentin, where the nerve endings are found.
  • Caries cleaning: the dentist in Pitampura removes the carious tissue, leaving a cavity that has to be filled later.
  • Filling the cavity: composite is used to fill the gap after cleaning caries.
  • Polishing and adjustment: when the composite has hardened, it is polished and a bite test is performed. This ensures that the result is adequate.

How many types of fillings exist?

We can differentiate between two types of dental fillings according to the filling material used.


Metal dental fillings are made up of silver amalgam. Its main advantage is that they are very durable since it is estimated that their duration is about 30 years. Although this material is not very aesthetic because it stands out much about the natural white of the tooth.

Nowadays, these types of fillings are not usually used since consumers prefer resin or composite because they have a more natural color.

A few years ago gold fillings were also used, and although they are durable and resistant, they are very expensive and not aesthetic.

Resin and composite

This material is the most used because they are much more aesthetic than any other. The composite has a color similar to the white of the tooth, although it has a much shorter duration.

It is necessary that patients who have dental fillings have good oral hygiene and go to the dental clinic at least once a year. Thus the dentist can check the filling and replace it when necessary or deteriorates.

It is important that the composite is of high quality and the professional has a wide variety of shades so that it fits as closely as possible to the natural tone of your teeth. This ensures greater durability, avoids the fall of fillings and achieves an aesthetic result.

Is the procedure painful?

According to the dentist in Rani Bagh, it is necessary to apply local anesthesia depending on the depth of the tooth decay to be treated and affects the dentin. This prevents the patient from feeling pain during the procedure.

If tooth decay does not affect dentin, it is not necessary to apply anesthesia. Although the patient may feel slight discomfort during the process.

It is important to know that after the dental filling, the patient can feel sensitivity when eating very hot or cold foods or when brushing their teeth. This sensation can continue for three or four days.

In case the sensitivity persists for more than a week, it will be necessary to return to the dental clinic in Saraswati Vihar. So the dentist in Saraswati Vihar can examine the filling and determine the problem.

You can eat after fillings

The enamel treatment is a simple intervention, so the care we should consider is minimal, so the patient can return to their usual routine after leaving the dental clinic in Pitampura.

When the filling is done without local anesthesia, the patient can eat and drink normally.

If the procedure is done under local anesthesia, it will take a couple of hours for the patient to recover the sensitivity in the area that has been treated. For this reason, it is not advisable to drink or eat right after the intervention because with the numbness caused by anesthesia it is possible that you drop your food or drink.

When the effect of anesthesia is passed, the patient can return to eat and drink normally.

How long does a filling last?

As a general rule, the composite filling, the most used material, usually lasts approximately 10 years. Although we must bear in mind that fillings discolor over time and the color becomes more yellowish. In addition, they are subjected to extraordinary pressure due to chewing.

Some fillings wear out over time and need replacement over the years.

As we have mentioned, composite fillings have an average of 10 years. It is important to attend annual check-ups so that the dentist can examine each of the fillings.

If you find any scream in your filling, it is broken or in poor condition, make an appointment with your dentist in Pitampura.

Dental sensitivity after filling

It is possible that after performing the dental filling treatment the patient may become sensitive when eating very hot or cold food or brushing their teeth.

This sensation can last for 3 or 4 days. Although if the sensitivity persists for more than a week it will be necessary to visit the dentist who has performed the treatment. This will examine the shutter to determine if there is any type of problem.

According to the best dentist in Pitampura, fillings are one of the most performed interventions. When this treatment is performed, materials are placed on the dentine, depending on the type of filling. Dentin is the inner layer of the tooth and is one of the most sensitive parts because it has direct contact with the dental nerve, and can produce sensitivity.