What is knee arthroscopy?
Knee arthroscopy in Delhi is a minimally invasive procedure that allows access and treatment of injuries that affect the various structures of the joint. For this, 2 or 3 small incisions of less than one centimeter are made that allow access to the joint.
Most knee surgeries that do not involve the knee replacement in Delhi are performed with a complete or partial approach with knee arthroscopy. It is the technique of choice to deal with many injuries because it allows a better and greater visualization of the joint. In a non-aggressive way, all the points of the knee can be accessed to make a cartilaginous cleaning, small perforations of the bone that has lack of cartilage (microfractures), stabilize the cartilage and apply substances or elements that regenerate cartilage (plasma rich in platelets or stem cells).
Likewise, knee arthroscopy in Delhi is also used to support other open techniques, since it improves the diagnosis and prognosis of the patient’s injury, as it is less aggressive.
Surgery can be performed under local, regional or general anesthesia, depending on the injury and the patient himself. The anesthesiologist will decide the best method for the patient, provided he suffers as little as possible, explains the best knee surgeon in Delhi.
Why is it done?
Knee arthroscopy in Delhi is used to resolve knee injuries. Thus, meniscus injuries are one of the most common pathologies and, thanks to arthroscopy, it is possible to preserve most of the menisci, since the resection is not complete but partial. Meniscal sutures and the possibility of transplanting the meniscus with knee arthroscopy are common techniques that allow better protection of the cartilage of the joint.
Another of the most dangerous injuries related to sports is the rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament. If this is injured, it causes instability in the knee that makes it impossible for the patient to practice practically any sport. Continued instability can injure surrounding structures, such as menisci and cartilage. Hence, it is necessary to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament with grafts, accessing the joint by arthroscopy, explains the sports injury specialist in west Delhi.
On the other hand, cartilage injuries (chondropathies, arthrosis or osteochondritis) are also very frequent. Preserving cartilage will also preserve the joint, avoiding wear and tear on the knee.
What does it consist of?
The orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi will make the small incisions in the knee to be able to access it. Firstly, you will fill the knee joint with a sterile solution and remove any cloudy fluid. This way you can see the joint clearly and in detail.
The specialist will then insert the arthroscope (a very thin device with a camera at its end) into the knee. This device sends the images to the television monitor, so that the surgeon can see all the structures in detail. Through the other holes the orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi will introduce the surgical material that will allow him to tackle the injury and repair the damaged structures.
It is a procedure that usually does not last more than an hour. After that, the patient will be transferred to a rehabilitation room and will be able to leave the hospital after two hours, more or less.
Preparation for knee arthroscopy
Before surgery, the patient must undergo a complete physical examination so that the orthopaedic in Delhi can assess his health and any abnormality that may interfere with the arthroscopy. Likewise, the patient must inform the surgeon of the medication they are taking, so that they can tell them which ones they should stop taking before the intervention. Some additional preoperative tests will also be performed, such as MRI, EKG, or blood tests.
Care after the intervention
It is normal for the patient to suffer inflammation in the days after the intervention, so it is recommended that the leg be elevated during those first days after surgery. Also, applying ice will relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
Incisions should also be healed, keeping them clean and dry. The orthopaedic in Delhi will indicate to the patient when they can shower or change the bandage.
On the other hand, shortly after the intervention, the patient should begin rehabilitation exercises with a Physiotherapy specialist, who will establish a program appropriate to the patient and the injury. This will help you restore movement and strengthen your knee muscles.
Alternatives to this treatment
The alternative to knee arthroscopy in West Delhi will be conventional open surgery, which is currently only used in more severe cases, in which a prosthesis must be placed. Any other technique will suppose a greater invasion in the knee and worse postoperative, explains the orthopaedic in Delhi.