A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure to place a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor in a person whose kidneys no longer function properly. Transplantation improves the hope and quality of life of patients with renal impairment.
Kidney transplants are performed under general anesthesia, so you are not awake during the procedure. The surgical team monitors your heart rate, blood pressure, and blood oxygen level during the procedure.
- Your kidney transplant surgeon in Delhi makes an incision in your lower part on one side of your abdomen and puts your new kidney in. Unless the kidneys themselves are causing complications such as high blood pressure, kidney stones, pain, or infection, they are in place.
- The blood vessels of the new kidney connect to the blood vessels in the lower abdomen, just above one of the legs.
- The ureter of the new kidney (the tube that connects the kidney to the bladder) connects to the bladder.
After the procedure
After your kidney transplant in Delhi, you can expect:
- Spend from a few days to a week in the hospital. Nephrologist in Delhi and nurses monitor your condition in the hospital’s transplant recovery area for signs of complications. Your new kidney will produce urine like your own kidneys did when they were healthy. This often starts immediately. In other cases, it may take several days, and you may need temporary dialysis until your new kidneys start working properly. You may feel discomfort or pain around the incision site during healing. Most kidney transplant recipients can return to work and normal activities three to eight weeks after transplantation. You should not lift objects weighing more than 10 pounds (4.5 kg) or exercise (except walking) until the wound has healed (usually about six weeks after surgery).
- Have frequent checkups while you are in recovery. After you are discharged from the hospital, you will need a thorough follow-up by kidney specialist in Delhi for a few weeks to check if the new kidney is working well and to make sure your body is not rejecting it. You may need blood tests several times a week and may need to adjust your medications in the weeks after your transplant. During this period, if you live in another city, you may need to arrange to stay near the transplant center.
- Take medication for the rest of your life. You will need to take several medications after your kidney transplant. Medications called “immunosuppressants” (anti-rejection drugs) help prevent the immune system from attacking and rejecting the new kidney. Other medications help reduce the risk of other complications, such as infections, after transplantation.
To prevent your body from rejecting your donor kidney, you will need medications to suppress your immune system. Because these anti-rejection medications make your body more vulnerable to infection, your doctor for kidney in Delhi may also prescribe antibiotics, antiviral medications, and antifungal medications.
It is important to take all your medications as prescribed by your best nephrologist in Delhi. Your body may reject the new kidney if you skip medications even for a short period. Contact your kidney transplant doctor in Delhi right away if you are having side effects that prevent you from taking your medications. After the transplant, it is strongly recommended that you get self-control and go to checkups with a dermatologist to check for any signs of skin cancer and track your other cancer.
Diet and nutrition
After your kidney transplant, you may need to adjust your diet to keep your kidney healthy and in good working order. You will have fewer dietary restrictions than you would have if you were getting dialysis therapy before your transplant, but you may still need to make some changes to your diet.
Your transplant team includes a nutrition specialist (dietitian) who can discuss your nutrition and diet needs and answer any questions you have after the transplant.
Some of your medications can increase your appetite and make weight gain easier. But reaching and maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise is just as important for transplant recipients as it is for everyone else to reduce the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure and diabetes.
You may need to keep track of how many calories you eat or limit foods high in sugar and fat.
Your dietitian will also recommend several healthy food options and ideas to implement in your nutrition plan. Your dietitian’s recommendations after a kidney transplant may include:
- Eating at least five servings of fruits and vegetables a day
- Avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice due to its effect on a group of immunosuppressive medications (calcineurin inhibitors)
- Include enough fiber in your daily diet
- Drinking skim milk or consuming other skim dairy products, which is important for maintaining optimal calcium and phosphorus levels
- Eating lean meats, poultry, and fish
Your dietitian may also recommend:
- Follow a low-salt, low-fat diet
- Follow food safety guidelines
- Stay hydrated by drinking the right amount of water and other fluids every day
Once you recover from transplant surgery, you should regularly incorporate exercise and physical activity into your life to continue improving your overall physical and mental health.
After transplantation, regular exercise helps increase energy levels and strength. It also helps you maintain a healthy weight, reduce stress, and avoid common complications after transplantation, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels.
The best kidney specialist in Delhi will recommend a physical activity program tailored to your personal needs and goals.
Right after the transplant, you should walk as much as you can. Gradually, start incorporating more physical activity into your daily life, including doing at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise, five days a week.
Walking, biking, swimming, low-impact strength training, and other physical activities you enjoy can be part of a healthy and active lifestyle after a transplant. Be sure to contact your nephrologist in Gurgaon before starting or changing your exercise routine after the transplant.