Kidney stones are hard deposits of salts and minerals that form in the kidneys. The vast majority of these correspond to calcium salts and depending on each patient, their size and shape will vary.
This pathology can produce a pain of sudden onset that, generally, is of great intensity and begins in the lumbar area on one side, radiates towards the lower abdomen and, sometimes, towards the genitals Also, it can be accompanied by a feeling of nausea, anxiety and sweating, in addition, it can cause darkening of the urine and urinary symptoms, such as painful urination and increased frequency of urination, explains the urologist in Delhi.
The risk of not treating kidney stones properly can be associated with the risk of developing infections of different severity in a poorly drained urinary tract, and can cause kidney function to be affected reversibly or irreversibly. If the obstruction is transient or is maintained for a long time, there is even a risk of causing loss of a kidney.
How to relieve the pain of kidney stones?
There are various types of kidney stone treatment in Noida and these range from medical management to surgical management.
According to the urologist in Noida, the main objective of medical treatment is the pain relief of patients, since as mentioned above, it can become very intense.
This treatment will vary according to the characteristics of each patient, which will be determined with an imaging study that should be performed as soon as possible. As expressed by the best urologist in Noida, the most effective is Pielotac (computed axial tomography without contrast) and according to this result the urologist in charge must decide the conduct of medical treatment.
It also adds that it is extremely relevant to consult and not self-medicate, since there is a possibility that the stone that is causing the ureter obstruction may stop hurting, which would lead to the patient thinking that the problem is solved and stop Consult with a urologist in Ghaziabad, with the risk of being left with a chronic obstruction and impair renal function.
Regarding the home remedies for renal colic, the urologist in Vaishali says they are inefficient, since there are no studies that support practices such as drinking pineapple juice, coconut water or other herbs to facilitate its elimination. However, if the stone is small, it is thought that it is feasible to be expelled spontaneously. Also, heavy fluid intake may help, but this should be suggested once the severe and acute pain has subsided.
The urologist in Greater Noida is emphatic when commenting that the prevention of kidney stones is of the utmost importance and the fundamental pillar of this is the abundant fluid intake (enough to urinate two liters a day), which must be accompanied by certain eating habits and physical activity.
Surgery for kidney stones
The process of removing a stone found in the ureter will depend a lot on its size. If it is less than five millimeters, it has an 80% chance of being spontaneously expelled, but this percentage decreases dramatically if the stone is greater than seven millimeters, less than 20%, says the best urologist in Vaishali.
Then, in the same way, the most appropriate surgery for each kidney stone will vary depending on its size.
When it comes to small kidney stones, that is, less than two centimeters, intrarenal retrograde surgery is the most indicated. The stones of patients who wish to undergo this surgery must also comply with other requirements that relate to their density, location, shape, size and quantity.
The main benefits of this technique are that it is a well-tolerated, minimally invasive surgery, which can be ambulatory or short stay in the clinic.
On the other hand, when the kidney stones are larger, in general, larger than two centimeters, or when they occupy a large part of the excretory pathway of the kidney (coral calculus), or have failed other less invasive methods, renal surgery is recommended.