Kidney Stones: Risks and Consequences

Knowing the most frequent complications produced by kidney stones is essential since improper kidney stone treatment in Noida can impair the functioning of the kidneys, making it more difficult for the toxins that our body produces to leak.

Dr. Shailendra Goel, a urologist in Noida explains that “if a patient has renal colic means you are removing a calculus that is blocking one or both kidneys. If both are compromised, it corresponds to a urological emergency, since the patient can quickly present renal failure with the consequences that it entails.”

Likewise, it indicates that “if the obstruction is unilateral, it is very feasible that the other kidney can replace the function of the organ that is compromised and the patient can continue to urinate, but the permanent obstruction of a kidney for a few weeks will lead to deterioration in the compromised kidney function that may become irreversible. Another complication that is generated with the obstruction of a kidney, is the greater probability of developing a urinary infection that in this context could quickly trigger a septic picture”.

In addition, it clarifies that “everything indicated above is in the context of obstructive lithiasis at the ureteral level, but in the case of coral-shaped lithiasis (coral-shaped kidney stones) these are usually colonized with bacteria, generating a chronic inflammatory process of the kidney which slowly deteriorates its function until it generates its exclusion or a serious infectious condition ”.

It also specifies that “in the context of complicated lithiasis associated with urinary infection or causing renal failure, this accumulation of toxins can rapidly compromise liver, circulatory and finally neurological function, putting the patient’s life at risk”.

Diseases related to kidney stones

The best urologist in Noida points out that there are multiple pathologies that are associated with the formation of stones. Among them, the most frequent are:

Intestinal disease: fluid loss or chronic diarrhea can alter urinary PH by breaking the balance in the urine. This increases the possibility of the formation of uric acid stones, calcium stones, and even struvite stones.

Diabetes: the mechanisms by which this disease increases the incidence of urolithiasis are varied, ranging from the modification of the gastrointestinal epithelium to immunosuppression that increases the risk of urinary infections and the subsequent appearance of struvite stones.

Obesity: people with a BMI greater than 30, excrete a greater amount of oxalate, uric acid, sodium, and phosphate. All these changes significantly increase the risk of kidney stone formation.

Gout: Many times, the diagnosis of this disease is made by relating it to the formation of recurrent uric acid stones.

Hyperparathyroidism: the disease that affects this gland generates enough alterations of phosphorus and calcium metabolism for the formation of stones with this composition.

Prevention measures

To prevent the appearance of kidney stones, the urologist in Ghaziabad recommends the following measures:

Control of chronic pathologies: chronic diseases such as hypertension, obesity, gout, hyperparathyroidism, among others, generate favorable conditions for the formation of stones.

Increased fluid intake: lithiasis formation occurs because the crystals removed in the urine fail to dissolve in the proper amount. The type and quantity of liquid recommended are variable, obviously, water is better because it has no associated sugars, nor does it generate any other type of unwanted contribution.

Decrease salt intake. The high salt intake increases the appearance of kidney stones.

Maintain a low-protein diet of animal origin: exaggerated protein consumption, especially in patients suffering from changes in uric acid management, favors the production of lithiasis.

Urologist in Delhi states that these recommendations are general and that it is always necessary to carry out an aqueous metabolic study for each patient suffering from kidney stones.

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