Kidney Stones: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Kidney Stones: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Kidney Stones: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Kidney stones can cause severe pain and usually require prompt attention from urologist in Noida. Learn how to prevent or remedy this trouble.

We are talking about a painful condition marked by the formation of pebbles that obstruct the urinary system. Popularly known as kidney stone, this hardened formation can arise in the kidneys and clog up another point in the urinary canal. Because the ureter, the channel that carries urine to the bladder, is very narrow, the particle becomes stuck. As a result of the expulsion attempt, intense pain arises.

The kidneys function as two large blood filters. In addition to water to form urine, they retain various elements such as calcium, uric acid, and oxalate. When these molecules appear in large quantities and there is little liquid to dissolve them, crystals or aggregates arise that turn up and turn the calculations. Their size varies greatly.

There is also a fourth type of stone, rarer, struvite. Unlike the others, this one mainly affects women. Its origin is associated with an infection caused by the bacterium Proteus mirabillis, which changes the urine pH, facilitating the aggregation of magnesium, phosphate and ammonia particles.

The formation can reach 11 centimeters, occupying the entire space of the kidney. As it is softer, the pee can get past it and so there is no pain. A danger, because the problem is not noticed and extends – and the kidney can end up seriously affected, warns the best urologist in Noida.

kidney stone treatment in Noida

Signals and symptoms

  • Colic that starts in the lower back and migrates to other areas
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Blood in the urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Will and pee all the time

Risk factors

– Abuse of dietary salt
– Excessive intake of high protein and calcium foods
– Low dietary liquid
– High temperatures (too much perspiration and lack of adequate hydration make the urine more concentrated, increasing particle agglomeration)
– Obesity
– Hypertension
– Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Diet is a major factor in controlling the problem, suggests urologist in Ghaziabad. To avoid the crystallization of salts, the body needs water, so one of the first rules is to drink plenty of fluids. One way to check if the amount is sufficient is to pay attention to the color of the pee, which should be light – if it is yellowish, it means it is very concentrated and can lead to stone formation, says the best urologist in Ghaziabad.

Handling salt, sausages, canned goods, and instant noodles is another advisable measure. Foods that are high in oxalate (spinach, walnuts, pepper, and black tea, for example) also require moderation when there is already a propensity for such stones. People with a high blood uric acid concentration should further reduce their intake of beer, red meat and seafood as they raise rates even further recommend urologist in Vaishali.

The best urologist in Vaishali even recommends caution with calcium supplements. The mineral is important to the body, but supplementation can only be done with medical advice. Otherwise, overload can result in kidney problems.

The diagnosis

The intense pain caused by calculations is usually the starting point for detecting the problem. Very dense and dark or bloody urine is another warning sign. Pee laboratory tests analyze acidity and the presence of crystals or infection.

To investigate the type of calculation and where you are parked, your doctor will order a CT scan. X-ray and ultrasound are other options. Because they are transparent, stones formed by uric acid do not appear in these tests. Helical tomography is a feature to catch this type of mass. More invasive procedures, excretory and intravenous urography are done with dye injection to map the area and detect smaller stones and other major urinary tract changes.

The treatment

When it is small, the stone is usually expelled naturally. Just increase the amount of fluid ingested or, if the urologist in Delhi finds it necessary, injected into the vein.

Depending on size, procedures work to fragment the calculation and make it possible to eliminate it. One option for kidney stone treatment in Noida is extracorporeal lithotripsy, which is less aggressive to the body. In it, electromagnetic waves destroy the solid material.

In the traditional percutaneous technique of kidney stone treatment in Ghaziabad, an incision is made in the patient’s back and a device penetrates the skin until it reaches the kidney to remove the stone. The procedure requires hospitalization of up to five days for recovery.

Today a simpler technique of kidney stone treatment in Greater Noida, called flexible uretero-nephrolithotripsy, detonates hard formations with the laser of a device introduced through the urethra. In this method, however, sometimes an attempt is insufficient. So you need to repeat every two weeks for up to four sessions, always under general anesthesia. The postoperative period pays off because the person is discharged on the same day.

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