After the summer months and Christmas holidays, the perfect time has come to perform treatments against different types of hyperpigmentation or dark spots on our skin, suggests skin specialist in Rajouri Garden.
Types of spots
The melasma is diffuse and larger hyperpigmentation, which can have a color ranging from gray to dark brown ash and can be located in the front, cheeks, nasal, supralabial back, chin, upper limbs or neck. It can occur during or after pregnancy.
The solar lentigines are more localized small spots with a variable color from light brown to dark.
There are other spots that can also occur in areas such as cleavage, back, and lower limbs, and depend on sun damage, medication, exposure to chemicals and the skin type of patients. Thus, patients with lighter skin will have a greater tendency to present this type of lesions, warns dermatologist in Rajouri Garden.
To improve these pigment alterations, there are multiple techniques a dermatologist in Subhash Nagar can use, which allow individualizing the treatment for each patient.
The basis of any treatment is always a correct photoprotection. A protector of factor 30 or higher should always be used and appropriate renovations (every 2 hours) carried out in the exposed areas. In addition, techniques such as chemical peels offer an improvement in a short time not only of the pigment but also of the homogeneity of the color, texture, and luminosity of the skin and even the slight signs of photo-aging (hyperkeratosis, fine wrinkles, alterations of the color, dull skin, yellowish hue).
There are many peels aimed at specifically improving the skin pigment. Among them, surface-media are the most used due to their high effectiveness and tolerance, without requiring weeks off from routine life. These peels work at the level of the epidermis and superficial dermis, for which the result is redness and fine desquamation, tolerable on a daily basis. However, deep peels, when reaching deep dermis and generate more intense exfoliation, can cause bleeding and scabs, so it is usually necessary to “rest” the routine for 1-2 weeks after use, suggests dermatologist in Tagore Garden.
In addition to peeling techniques, many other physical therapies such as radiofrequency, laser, pulsed light or cryotherapy. They can help improve skin tone and texture.
One of the keys to success with depigmenting therapies is constancy and continuity, not only with photoprotection but also with maintenance treatments. Therefore, once the desired result has been achieved, we must not forget to continue the treatment prescribed by the dermatologist in Shastri Nagar to maintain it. Also, during the summer months, we must perform even more intense sun protection and consult the dermatologist in Delhi about the depigmenting treatments valid for use during the months of greatest UV radiation.