The hip is one of the most important joints in the body, in addition to being quite complex. However, because it is subjected to constant movement and for integrating several anatomical structures, such as muscles and bones, the hip may present with pain.
The function of the hip is to support the entire spine, as well as to make the connection with the lower limbs, allowing their movement. Thus, it is to be expected that a region that suffers so much with impact may present some pathologies related to it.
But what are the main diseases that cause hip pain? And how to prevent pain in that region? That’s what we’re going to check!
What are the main causes of hip pain?
Hip pain can have several different causes.
There are several factors related to hip pain, from problems caused by aging of the hip joint, to the development of other pathologies in younger patients.
Let’s talk about the main causes of hip pain.
1 – Trochanteric bursitis
Trochanteric bursitis is a very common pathology resulting from inflammation of the bursa, which is a bag-like structure between the upper and lateral part of the femur. This structure can become inflamed due to the constant friction of the femur with the hip.
This region between the femur and the hip is called the trochanter and, in trochanteric bursitis, it becomes inflamed, causing pain in the hip.
The treatment of trochanteric bursitis involves administration of anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as rest until disinflation occurs.
In more severe cases, physiotherapy is mandatory, however, in some cases, surgery is indicated, since the region is quite deteriorated, requiring the placement of a prosthesis in it, says orthopaedic in Delhi.
2 – Tendinopathies
There are all the problems that involve the tendons in the hips. When these tendons are in trouble, starting with inflammation, the patient suffers from pain in hip region.
There may be confusion between tendinopathies and trochanteric bursitis, so analysis by a orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi is essential for the correct diagnosis.
In the case of tendinopathies, treatment involves anti-inflammatory drugs and physiotherapy exercises with stretching.
3 – Herniated Disc and Sciatic Compression
Many people experience pain in the lower back, not necessarily caused by a hip structure, but by herniated discs in the lower back.
Another factor that causes pain in the hip region is the compression of the sciatic nerve, pain that can remain in the gluteal region and extend until posterior to the thigh.
It is important for the orthopaedic in Dwarka to analyze the type of pain, as well as the limitation of movement and make imaging exams to evaluate the lower back with greater care.
4 – Fractures
Fractures are the main cause of orthopedic surgeries for older people, and a number of factors contribute to this.
Among these factors, we can mention osteoporosis, lack of physical conditioning, lack of balance, as well as visual difficulties. All of these factors contribute to falls in the elderly and, consequently, fractures in the hip region.
Women are more susceptible to fractures for a number of reasons, including hormonal changes that contribute to osteoporosis.
The consolidation of fractures in the elderly can be quite challenging, especially if there are other comorbidities. For this reason, fractures end up leading a percentage of patients to death in the first 2 years.
On the other hand, there are quite evolved orthopedic materials and they can be options in several cases.
When there is a fracture of the femoral neck, the hip replacement in Delhi is necessary.
5 – Arthrosis
Arthrosis is the wear and tear of the hip joint. It is common in older people and can cause pain in the hip and thigh region.
Over time, movement may become more difficult, limiting movement.
Treatment includes physiotherapy sessions and analgesic measures to relieve pain, restoring range of motion.
What is the treatment for hip pain?
Physiotherapy is essential to treat hip pain.
First, the correct diagnosis is necessary.
Thus, if you have persistent pain in the hip region, you should seek assistance from a specialist.
Often, treatment will include analgesic and anti-inflammatory medications, as well as rest and physiotherapy sessions.
Some cases will have surgical indications, but it is a minority. Most cases will have conservative treatment, with analgesic measures and physical therapy.
Surgical treatments must have associated physical therapy rehabilitation, so that the patient can return to movement as soon as possible.
How to prevent hip pain?
Hip pain can be prevented with a few measures.
- Stay within the weight;
- Have an active life, with physical exercises supervised by an orthopaedic in West Delhi;
- Always do stretching exercises;
- Do specific strengthening for the hip region;
- Don’t be sedentary;
- At the pain signal, do not force and consult a specialist;
- If treatment has been prescribed, do the recommended physiotherapy sessions.
What to do in case of hip pain?
In case of sever pain in hip rest is recommended.
If you experience pain in the hip area and cannot immediately seek specialized emergency care, some actions can help to temporarily reduce the pain.
But, it is important to remember that these actions only temporarily reduce pain, and cannot be replaced by a consultation and physiotherapy sessions.
- Rest, lying on your back and try to raise the hip region, as in a bridge;
- Apply hot compresses on the side of the hip;
Persistent hip pain can be a sign of several problems. For the correct diagnosis, it is necessary to consult a specialist orthopaedic doctor in Delhi who will evaluate and prescribe the best treatment.
Physiotherapy is a strong ally in the treatment of pain, since it has analgesic measures and specialized treatment to reduce pain and improve the patient’s general condition.
In addition, physiotherapy is part of post-surgical rehabilitation in patients who have undergone surgery to place prostheses on the hip, however, most treatments indicated for hip pain are conservative, obtaining good results, says the orthopaedic in Delhi.