The sprain of the finger occurs when a bone from its formation (a phalanx) moves out of the joint. Injuries resulting from sports activities, falls or accidents can cause dislocation of the fingers.
Dislocation or sprained ness of a finger can be extremely painful, but not life-threatening. However, it is very important to receive medical support from orthopaedic in Dwarka as quickly as possible.
Symptoms of finger sprain
The symptoms of finger sprain are not numerous, but they successfully manage to indicate the condition. Thus, the affected finger changes its shape and looks crooked, but it is also particularly painful.
Other signs that may indicate finger sprain include:
– numbness or tingling;
– bruising or discoloration in the skin;
– functional impotence.
What are the causes of finger sprain
Normally, the thumb contains two phalanges, and the rest of the fingers contain three. Thus, there are two joints in the case of the thumb and three joints for the other fingers.
Ligaments are strips of fibrous tissue that help keep the joints integrated. Dislocation occurs when a significant force overcomes the opposite resistance of ligaments and causes the bones out of the joint.
Injuries suffered from sports are the most common causes of finger sprains. Thus, it is estimated that over 50% of the injuries found in the sport target fingers. Sports with the highest rates of injuries to the hands include football, gymnastics, basketball and wrestling.
Other possible causes that may lead to a sprain of the finger are:
– exaggerated extension of the finger;
– applying a strong blow to the tip of the fingers;
– the existence of other health conditions that can weaken the joints and ligaments.
First measures in case of finger sprain
People who suspect their finger is sprained should seek medical attention from orthopaedic in Delhi immediately. To relieve inflammation and immediate pain, ice can be applied, but with great care, since the injured finger should not be moved.
The affected person or the people around you should not attempt to place the bone back in the joint. The only people who can do this are those who have medical training in this field.
Trying to re-encase the bone by unprepared people can seriously aggravate the situation, causing additional pain and inflammation. In addition, moving their own bones back to the original place comes with a very high risk of permanently harming the surrounding structures (tendons, ligaments, nerves, blood vessels, joint cartilage).
Diagnosis of finger sprain
After arrival at the orthopaedic in Janakpuri, it will examine the affected finger. The orthopaedic in West Delhi should also be informed when the trauma occurred and what were the circumstances of the production.
Further investigations may be requested after primary evaluation to confirm the diagnosis or to assess the severity of the lesion. The necessary imaging investigations are:
– X-rays are used to observe the internal structures of the body, in this case the bones. X-rays can help confirm the diagnosis of luxuryness, but also check if there are certain associated fractures;
– magnetic resonance imaging – MRI scanning uses strong magnetic fields and radio waves. With their help, detailed images of the tissues inside the body are obtained. In most cases, this method is required if significant damage to the tissue adjacent to the lysed joint is suspected.
Treatment options vary depending on the location and severity of the sprain. Thus, the methods of treatment are:
Reduction of sprain
The first step in treating a dislocated finger is to carefully handle the bone and relocate it into the joint. The procedure is known as a discount.
Before performing local anesthetics can be used to relieve pain, and after the procedure has been completed, x-rays can be performed to check its effectiveness.
After the reduction, the patient is recommended to wear an immobilization soften. It protects and secures the wounded finger as it heals.
Also, wearing the band stops the patient from moving the finger and prevents further dislocation and injury.
Wearing softening by patients is necessary for about a few weeks.
However, immobilization for prolonged periods can cause permanent rigidity and reduced finger mobility.
Depending on the type or severity of injury, some people may suffer alongside sprains even bone fractures. Fractures are defined as staples or interruptions in a bone.
Bone fractures also require reduction and immobilization, but fixation may also be needed. Fastening is carried out with K brooches, these are thin metal rods that surgeons attach to stabilize bone fragments.
Dislocated fingers involving torn ligaments and complex bone fractures may require surgical procedures known as open cuts. Like other treatments, surgeries are aimed at reducing, stabilizing and restoring the mobility of the affected finger, without damaging the surrounding structures.
According to orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi, finger luxations usually heal in about 4-6 weeks.
The factors affecting the recovery time are as follows:
– severity and location of dislocation;
– the existence of ligament damage or tendons;
– the existence of bone fractures;
– the need for surgery.
As a result of reduction and immobilization, certain patients may require physical or occupational therapy. The physiotherapist in Delhi can help and instruct the patient how to speed up his healing and how to expand his range of movements.
There are also certain tips to be followed at home:
– maintenance of skins, but also clean and dry steas;
– maintaining the affected finger at a higher level than the heart to reduce inflammation;
– avoiding the request of the affected finger;
– application of cold compresses and ice packets to reduce pain and inflammation;
– administration of medicines against pain and inflammation, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen;
– performing exercise just as recommended by the specialist.
It should be known that a finger recovered from a sprain presents a high risk of further injury in the future. Thus, caution is recommended when physical activities are carried out, even wearing protective equipment and avoiding risk sports.
Dislocation of a finger can cause panic and extremely much pain. However, it should be known that finger sprain is not life-threatening, but requires prompt medical assistance.
No attempt should be made to reduce home sprain by the patient or his close friends. In this way complications can occur, and healing can be hampered, sometimes there is a risk of permanent injuries.
Visit to the orthopedic in Delhi is mandatory, it can correctly assess the located to provide adequate treatment. After treatment, healing usually lasts a few weeks. However, if the sprain is accompanied by bone fractures or damage to adjacent tissues, the recovery time may be prolonged.