Knee pain is one of the most common ailments among the population. Some of the most common reasons for knee pain are inflamed or torn ligaments and certain cartilage conditions, says orthopaedic surgeon in Delhi.
The knee is a complex joint and there can be several factors that cause pain.
In order to find out the reason for your knee pain, you will need to perform a thorough examination, such as an MRI or a special type of MRI, in which a dye is injected into the knee so that the joints can be seen in detail.
The treatment is prescribed and recommended after establishing the diagnosis, only by the orthopaedic in Delhi.
The main ailments
Bursitis. The bursa is a fluid sac that acts as a buffer and protects the joints in several areas of the knees. Overuse, falls can irritate the bursa, causing pain and swelling in the knees.
Iliotibial tendon syndrome. The iliotibial tendon is a hard tissue that makes the transition from the hip to the lower tibia. If it is irritated due to overload, it may become inflamed and cause pain on the outside of the knee.
Osgood-Schlatter disease. This condition leads to a painful inflammation, located below the knee, where the tendon at the patella “connects” to the tibia. It is caused by overload and irritation of the tendon; the pain can appear and disappear without treatment.
Osteoarthritis. This is a common cause for knee pain in athletes or non-athletes, but also for those over 60 years of age.
Tendonitis or swelling of the tendons. Tendons are strips of tissue that connect bones and muscles, and overuse leads to their inflammation. If not treated properly it can also cause knee pain.
Gonarthrosis. It is a degenerative condition of the knee joint, which arises from processes of degradation of joint components, especially the articular cartilage, as well as due to greater efforts than the knee joint can withstand.
The main causes of gonarthrosis are: standing for a long time, walking for a long time, carrying weights, but also problems related to overweight, as well as certain injuries.
Unfortunately, over time, this disease progresses quite a lot, especially in the absence of specialized treatment by orthopaedic in Dwarka. At first, the patient hears sounds like cracks in the knee joint, then there is pain for a long time standing.
When the disease is already in a more advanced stage, the pain appears more and more often while walking.
There is basically a limitation of knee mobility. In the final stage of the disease, the patient will experience persistent pain including rest, and the knee joint becomes swollen and increases in volume.
How to prevent knee pain
- Rest your knees, and in the evening try to sleep with them leaning on a larger pillow.
- Ice can be useful in case of inflammation and can reduce pain.
- Use an elastic bandage to support the affected joint.
- Your orthopaedic doctor in Delhi may recommend painkillers and anti – inflammatory drugs.
- Practice specific exercises, but only on the instructions of orthopaedic in West Delhi.
- Use your knees to prevent bursitis.