Low back pain is one of the most common reasons to see a gynecologist in Delhi during pregnancy. Most pregnant women have some degree of back pain. Women who had previous back pain or are overweight have an increased risk of back pain during pregnancy. Below are possible causes, as well as ways to prevent and relieve back pain.
The road to greater well-being
There are several causes of back pain during pregnancy. These are due to the changes that occur in your body.
Pressure on the back muscles:
As your baby grows, your uterus expands and becomes heavier. This increases the weight on the back muscles. You can find yourself leaning back or arching your lower back. Pressure can cause back pain or stiffness.
Weakness in stomach muscles:
Your growing baby also puts pressure on the stomach muscles. This can cause them to stretch and weaken. Your stomach and your back muscles are connected. The back muscles have to work harder to compensate for the belly.
Pregnancy can change your center of gravity. The way you move, sit and stand can cause pain in your back and other parts of your body. A compressed nerve due to poor posture can also cause pain.
Many hormones change for different reasons when you are pregnant. When your pregnancy progresses, hormones increase to relax the muscles and ligaments of the pelvis. This prepares your body for childbirth. If your muscles and ligaments become too loose, they can cause back pain.
Anxiety and accumulated tension can tighten or stiffen the back muscles.
To help prevent back pain, consider how you feel, stop and move, and how you sleep.
- Sit in a way that supports your back. Choose a lumbar support chair or place a pillow behind your lower back. Try to lift your feet to increase blood flow and avoid slouching.
- Sit down and stand straight. Try to keep your back aligned with your bottom and legs, instead of arching your lower back. Do not sit or stand in the same position for a long time. It could pinch a nerve. Do not lock your knees. If you have to stand for long periods, try resting one foot at a time on a box or stool.
- Wear low-heeled shoes that are comfortable and support your entire body. It may be useful to use anatomical insoles. Avoid shoes with heels that can make you lose your balance.
- Sleep on a mattress that is not too soft and offers support. When you are pregnant, it is better to sleep on your side. Place pillows under your stomach and between your legs for added support. Try to avoid sleeping on your back. This can put pressure on your uterus and cut off the blood flow to your baby.
- Do not twist or make sudden movements that can tighten the back or stomach muscles.
- Don’t lift things leaning forward. Instead, keep your back straight and stand up with your legs instead of your back. Be careful not to lift or carry too much weight at a time.
- Exercise a lot This will help strengthen the muscles of the back and stomach, and improve posture. Talk to the best gynecologist in Delhi about what type of exercise is safe. Walking and swimming often do well. If you were very active before pregnancy, you can continue doing the same level of activity. Certain movements and stretches, such as Kegel exercises, also prepare you for childbirth.
- Wear maternity pants. Wide elastic waistband provides additional support.
If you have back pain, these tips can help relieve pain and stiffness.
- Apply heat or a cold compress on your back. Avoid putting extreme temperatures in your stomach.
- Take acetaminophen.
- Look for ways to relieve stress. Learn breathing exercises or take a prenatal yoga class.
- Get a prenatal massage from a certified therapist.
- Ask your gynecologist about alternative medicine. This could include acupuncture or a chiropractic adjustment, or also osteopathic manipulation. It moves your muscles and joints by stretching them and exerting gentle pressure.
Aspects to consider
The gynecologist does not recommend some imaging studies when low back pain has been present for less than six weeks. The exception is if there is a serious risk, such as a neurological problem. Research shows that images taken before 6 weeks do not improve results. Health care costs increase. Some imaging diagnoses may not be safe during pregnancy. Talk to your gynecologist about the benefits and risks of all medication options.
When to consult the gynecologist
Contact your gynecologist if:
- Your pain gets worse or does not go away after two weeks. Back pain could be a sign of premature delivery.
- Loses sensation in the back, legs, pelvis or genital area.
- You have a fever, burning sensation when urinating or vaginal bleeding. You may have a urinary tract infection (UTI) or a kidney infection.
- You have an injury or trauma that causes back pain.
Questions to ask your gynecologist
- How do I know if my back pain is intense or not?
- What type of exercise is safe during pregnancy?
- Is it safe to receive a massage during pregnancy?
- Will my back pain go away after giving birth?