This dynamic duo can take serious risks and give no sign of the problem. Learn how to avoid them with very simple attitudes.
Only 150 grams very well distributed in 12 centimeters in height – it seems little, especially when compared to lungs and liver. However, the kidneys are responsible for vital functions in the body. And, when these notable little ones convalescence, it is certainly a problem : chronic kidney disease (CKD), an evil that does not usually warn about its existence, destroys the renal structures until it reaches the point where the organ stops functioning.
“CKD is the term that refers to all diseases that affect the kidneys for three months or more, which reduces filtration and affects some of its attributions”, explains nephrologist in Delhi. The problem is that kidney diseases do not always have symptoms. “In many cases, the individual does not notice and the diagnosis is made late,” adds kidney specialist in Delhi.
Despite being characterized as a silent disease, CKD can show some signs. However, when they do appear, it is usually too late. “The kidney is a very resistant organ, and these symptoms will only appear in stages 4 and 5 of the problem, when it is very advanced,” says best nephrologist in Delhi. In addition to only appearing in extreme situations, many of these manifestations tend to be confused with other illnesses. Hence the importance of always visiting the doctor and ordering the tests that detect unwanted changes in the filters of the human body.
What if the person finds out that their kidneys are not working as they should? “Person needs to consult periodically with a kidney doctor in Delhi, do tests regularly, take good care of blood pressure and blood glucose, in addition to other changes that occur in kidney disease, such as changes in calcium and phosphorus levels,” says top nephrologist in Delhi.
In cases where CKD has progressed too far and the kidneys have lost much of their ability to remove dirt from the body, the individual can choose two ways: receive the kidney from a compatible donor or go on dialysis. “Okay, some patients have no clinical conditions to perform a transplant. But, in the others, this is the treatment of preference ”, clarifies the best kidney specialist in Delhi.
However, the absence of someone who is able to donate one of his kidneys causes most convalescents to go to hemodialysis, when a machine replaces the main functions that were performed by the excretory device. Some simple actions can eliminate many of these disorders. Check below how to keep this pair in full swing.
- Keep diabetes and pressure on a short leash
When these markers are at exaggerated levels, the likelihood of developing CKD is even greater. The atherosclerosis, the formation of fatty plaques, particularly in the renal artery, cause an overload of the kidney filtration work. “And the incidence of these two diseases has been increasing in recent years, something aggravated by the aging of the population, in addition to physical inactivity and obesity”, top kidney specialist in Delhi. In cases where the damage has already been done, the first measure is to keep an eye on pressure and diabetes.
- Getting well with the scale
Staying at your ideal weight is also a rule of thumb to keep your kidneys going. Individuals with body mass index (BMI) in healthy parameters are protected from head to toe and, in this package of benefits, natural filters gain. “Today, there is a worldwide epidemic of obesity. The overweight leads to hypertension and diabetes. When healthy habits are acquired, the risk of suffering from a kidney problem is much lower ”, highlights nephrologist in Delhi.
- Adopt a balanced diet
Taking care of excess fat and eating foods rich in vitamins and fibers helps a lot to maintain kidney functions. When the individual already suffers from CKD, he is likely to be forced to make some changes to his menu. “There, it is important to adopt a diet with less protein to avoid kidney overload”, says Dr. Sunil Prakash. This menu must be endorsed by the doctor and a nutritionist.
- Only use painkillers with guidance
Medicines should only come on the scene with the indication of a specialist. Even when that simple headache appears, escape self-medication. Right now, it can even be resolved, but in the long run, your kidneys can suffer. “Both analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs are able to harm them if taken in excess because they favor the occurrence of kidney diseases”, warns Dr. Sunil Prakash. Always seek medical advice to identify the cause of the discomfort and eliminate it in the best possible way.
- Take it easy with your drink
When ingested sparingly, alcohol can even benefit the work of the kidneys. Experts even recommend one or two very small doses. However, sticking your foot in the jackfruit will not please the small filters, which suffer indirectly. “In excess, alcohol can cause hypertension, which will evolve to generate kidney problems”, warns kidney specialist in Delhi. The drink also causes liver damage, which will ultimately lead to kidney damage.
- Put out the cigarette
In the kidneys, the action of smoking is as harmful as in other parts of the body. And the explanation lies in the appearance of small blocks, the fat plates, which decrease the caliber of the tubes through which the blood circulates. This causes pressure problems that, in turn, lead to CKD. “The kidneys are full of blood vessels. Cigarettes trigger inflammations that harm the organ ”, highlights Dr. Prakash.
Watch for these symptoms
- Swelling in the feet and ankles
- Swelling in the eyes
- Nocturia (desire to go to the bathroom at night)
- Bad breath
- Foamy or bloody urine