The rheumatic diseases include diseases that affect the musculoskeletal system, that is, joints, bones, muscles, cartilage, tendons and ligaments.
Popularly known as rheumatism, they affect more than 15 million people worldwide , according to data from the World Health Organization.
Due to the consequences they can generate on the health and quality of life of the sick, it is important to know the signs of the existence of rheumatic diseases in order to start treatment as soon as possible. Below are some signs to pay attention and seek medical help from arthritis doctor in Delhi.
14 signs that may indicate the presence of rheumatic diseases
In addition to joint pain, which is considered one of the most common symptoms, there are signs that many people do not even know are related to rheumatic diseases. Check out!
- swelling, redness and heat in the joints (joints);
- swollen hands;
- difficulty to move;
- stiffness in the joints upon waking;
- decreased spine flexibility;
- nocturnal back pain in young patients;
- limitation to comb hair or brush teeth;
- muscle fatigue;
- reddish, dry eyes, as well as sensitivity to light;
- dry mouth;
- extremities of the body that are more sensitive to cold, such as feet, hands and ears, which can easily be numb;
- reduced feeling of touch;
- bluish-colored skin, known as raynaud phenomenon;
- changes in the oral condition, such as oral ulceration, gingivitis and periodontitis.
As some rheumatic diseases have similar symptoms, consultation with a arthritis specialist in Delhi is essential for the appropriate treatment for that identified disease. Find out which are the most common.
What are the main rheumatic diseases
According to the best rheumatologist in Delhi, there are more than 100 rheumatic diseases. None of them are transmissible and are usually accompanied by pain. Among them, the best known are:
- osteoarthritis (arthrosis);
- tendonitis and bursitis ;
- rheumatic fever;
- rheumatoid arthritis.
It is important to note that, unlike what many people imagine, rheumatisms do not only affect the elderly. In fact, they can occur at any age, including childhood, as is the case with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
What can cause rheumatic diseases?
Genetic, immunological and infectious factors are considered the main causes for the onset or worsening of diseases. However, there are several other factors related to the development of rheumatic diseases, namely:
- sedentary lifestyle;
- stress, anxiety and depression;
- sudden climate change.
The importance of early diagnosis
Because these are diseases that are still little known, many people ignore the evidence. However, it is important to give due attention, because the lack of treatment can lead to physical disability.
According to rheumatologist in Delhi, rheumatic diseases are already the second leading cause of absence from work and the third cause of early retirement due to disability.
Another reason that demonstrates the importance of early diagnosis is the fact that the symptoms of diseases tend to get much worse as they progress. In addition to the pain itself, the person finds it difficult to perform movements and tasks considered normal, from bending over to brushing their hair.
Thus, early diagnosis and arthritis treatment in Delhi are essential to minimize joint damage, thus preserving joint function and a full professional and family life.
In addition to early diagnosis, it is of paramount importance to modify some habits in order to, as far as possible, prevent the onset of rheumatic diseases. Some tips are:
- stay at the appropriate weight for your height;
- adopt a healthy diet rich in calcium;
- practice physical activity regularly;
- wear suitable shoes;
- maintain a correct posture;
- do muscle relaxation and stretching exercises throughout the day;
- meditate, keep your beliefs;
- avoid excessive efforts.